The Role of Platelets in the Tumor-Microenvironment and the Drug Resistance of Cancer Cells

Published on Feb 19, 2019in Cancers6.126
· DOI :10.3390/CANCERS11020240
Phung Thanh Huong3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Hanoi University),
Lap Thi Nguyen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Hanoi University)
+ 2 AuthorsDuc-Hiep Bach13
Estimated H-index: 13
(SNU: Seoul National University)
Sources
Abstract
Besides the critical functions in hemostasis, thrombosis and the wounding process, platelets have been increasingly identified as active players in various processes in tumorigenesis, including angiogenesis and metastasis. Once activated, platelets can release bioactive contents such as lipids, microRNAs, and growth factors into the bloodstream, subsequently enhancing the platelet–cancer interaction and stimulating cancer metastasis and angiogenesis. The mechanisms of treatment failure of chemotherapeutic drugs have been investigated to be associated with platelets. Therefore, understanding how platelets contribute to the tumor microenvironment may potentially identify strategies to suppress cancer angiogenesis, metastasis, and drug resistance. Herein, we present a review of recent investigations on the role of platelets in the tumor-microenvironment including angiogenesis, and metastasis, as well as targeting platelets for cancer treatment, especially in drug resistance.
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