Cancers
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most abundant form of liver cancer. It accounts for 75–85% of liver cancer cases and, though it ranks globally as the sixth most common cancer, it ranks second in cancer-related mortality. Deaths from HCC are usually due to metastatic spread of the cancer. Unfortunately, there are many challenges and limitations with the latest HCC therapies and medications, making it difficult for patients to receive life-prolonging care. As there is clearly a high demand f...
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#1Luca TagliaferriH-Index: 17
Last. Giuseppe CollocaH-Index: 20
view all 14 authors...
Locally advanced vulvar cancer (LAVC) is a challenging disease, requiring multidisciplinary management. The aim of this review is to propose an integrated clinical approach including radiotherapy (RT) in the multidisciplinary management of LAVC to customize the treatment. A review of the literature was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane library to acquire all relevant studies on RT in LAVC. Based on the available evidence, RT, with or without concurrent chemotherapy, has a relevant role a...
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#1Takayasu ItoH-Index: 2
#2Shotaro OkachiH-Index: 5
Last. Yasuhiro KondohH-Index: 35
view all 9 authors...
In patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), the most frequent locations of lung cancer are within or near fibrotic lesions. However, the diagnostic yield for peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) within or near fibrotic lesions using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath transbronchial biopsy (EBUS-GS TBB) may be unsatisfactory compared to that for PPLs distant from fibrotic lesions because of the difficulty in reaching the lesions. Our objectives were to evaluate the yield for P...
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#1Karen AughtonH-Index: 4
#2Nils O. ElanderH-Index: 6
Last. Juan W ValleH-Index: 61
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Gemcitabine or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) based treatments can be selected for pancreatic cancer. Equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) predicts adjuvant gemcitabine treatment benefit over 5-FU. Cytidine deaminase (CDA), inside or outside of the cancer cell, will deaminate gemcitabine, altering transporter affinity. ESPAC-3(v2) was a pancreatic cancer trial comparing adjuvant gemcitabine and 5-FU. Tissue microarray sections underwent in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Analysis o...
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Uterine cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. Each year, over half a million new cases are estimated, resulting in more than 300,000 deaths. While less-invasive, fertility-preserving surgical procedures can be offered to women in early stages, treatment for locally advanced disease may include radical hysterectomy, primary chemoradiotherapy (CRT) or a combination of these modalities. Concurrent platinum-based chemoradiotherapy regimens remai...
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#1Paul DiSilvestroH-Index: 31
#2Nicoletta ColomboH-Index: 80
Last. Robert L. ColemanH-Index: 81
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Recent data have demonstrated substantial efficacy with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors as treatment and/or maintenance therapy in patients with newly diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Here, we review efficacy and safety results from four recent Phase III trials in newly diagnosed EOC: SOLO1 (olaparib), PAOLA-1 (olaparib in combination with bevacizumab), PRIMA (niraparib), and VELIA (veliparib). The implications of these data for current clinical practice and are...
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#1Emma H. AllottH-Index: 18
#2Kellie DeanH-Index: 3
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Our understanding of cancer initiation, progression, and treatment is continually progressing through dedicated research achieved through laboratory investigation, clinical trials, and patient engagement. The importance and complexity of the microenvironment and its role in tumor development and behavior is pivotal to the understanding of tumor growth and the best course of treatment. The 57th Irish Association for Cancer Research (IACR) Annual Conference collected key researchers, clinicians, a...
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#1Christian DollH-Index: 7
Last. Jan-Dirk RaguseH-Index: 19
view all 11 authors...
Introduction: Several studies suggest an estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-mediated influence on the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), as described for other malignancies that are not considered to be primarily hormone-dependent. Recently, an association between ERα expression and improved survival in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has been found. However, the prognostic relevance of ERα in OSCC has not been proven to date. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ev...
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#2Debora BasileH-Index: 13
Last. Géraldine PerkinsH-Index: 13
view all 8 authors...
In digestive oncology, the clinical impact of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in routine practice should be addressed. In this work, we studied the impact of a 22-gene NGS amplicon-based panel with Ion Torrent Proton Sequencing, prospectively performed in routine practice. We analyzed the results of extended molecular testing, beyond RAS and BRAF, in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients in a single-center, retrospective, observational study of consecutive mCRC patients followed...
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#2Theresa StauferH-Index: 3
Last. Florian GrünerH-Index: 26
view all 6 authors...
The growing field of cellular therapies in regenerative medicine and oncology calls for more refined diagnostic tools that are able to investigate and monitor the function and success of said therapies. X-ray Fluorescence Imaging (XFI) can be applied for molecular imaging with nanoparticles, such as gold nanoparticles (GNPs), which can be used in immune cell tracking. We present a Monte Carlo simulation study on the sensitivity of detection and associated radiation dose estimations in an idealiz...
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