Ultrafast in-situ forming halloysite nanotube-doped chitosan/oxidized dextran hydrogels for hemostasis and wound repair

Published on Sep 1, 2021in Carbohydrate Polymers7.182
· DOI :10.1016/J.CARBPOL.2021.118155
Zhan Li (Southern Medical University), Binglin Li3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Southern Medical University)
+ 8 AuthorsYing Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Southern Medical University)
Abstract A series of halloysite nanotube (HNT)-doped chitosan (CS)/oxidized dextran (ODEX) adhesive hydrogels were developed through a Schiff base reaction. The resultant CS/ODEX/HNT hydrogels could not only form in situ on wounds within only 1 s when injected, but could also adapt to wounds of different shapes and depths after injection. We established four rat and rabbit hemorrhage models and demonstrated that the hydrogels are better than the clinically used gelatin sponge for reducing hemostatic time and blood loss, particularly in arterial and deep noncompressible bleeding wounds. Moreover, the natural antibacterial features of CS and ODEX provided the hydrogels with strong bacteria-killing effects. Consequently, they significantly promoted methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus -infected-wound repair compared to commercial gelatin sponge and silver-alginate antibacterial wound dressing. Hence, our multifunctional hydrogels with facile preparation process and utilization procedure could potentially be used as first-aid biomaterials for rapid hemostasis and infected-wound repair in emergency injury events.
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