Virulence Factors Found in Nasal Colonization and Infection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Isolates and Their Ability to Form a Biofilm.

Published on Dec 25, 2020in Toxins3.531
· DOI :10.3390/TOXINS13010014
Thamiris Santana Machado2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Federal Fluminense University),
Felipe Ramos Pinheiro1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Federal Fluminense University)
+ 7 AuthorsFábio Aguiar-Alves8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Federal Fluminense University)
Hospitalizations related to Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are frequent, increasing mortality and health costs. In this way, this study aimed to compare the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of MRSA isolates that colonize and infect patients seen at two hospitals in the city of Niteroi-Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A total of 147 samples collected between March 2013 and December 2015 were phenotyped and genotyped to identify the protein A (SPA) gene, the mec staphylococcal chromosomal cassette (SCCmec), mecA, Panton-Valentine Leucocidin (PVL), icaC, icaR, ACME, and hla virulence genes. The strength of biofilm formation has also been exploited. The prevalence of SCCmec type IV (77.1%) was observed in the colonization group; however, in the invasive infection group, SCCmec type II was prevalent (62.9%). The Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST), ST5/ST30, and ST5/ST239 analyses were the most frequent clones in colonization, and invasive infection isolates, respectively. Among the isolates selected to assess the ability to form a biofilm, 51.06% were classified as strong biofilm builders. Surprisingly, we observed that isolates other than the Brazilian Epidemic Clone (BEC) have appeared in Brazilian hospitals. The virulence profile has changed among these isolates since the ACME type I and II genes were also identified in this collection.
#1Egidio Domingos André Neto (Federal Fluminense University)H-Index: 1
#2Jaclyn Guerrero (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 1
Last. Fábio Aguiar-Alves (Federal Fluminense University)H-Index: 8
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization is a major risk factor for infection. Studies have suggested an epidemiologic shift in the methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains that circulate in Brazil. We conducted cross-sectional studies of MRSA carriage among 1) children and adolescents in community daycare centers, 2) an outpatient clinic, and 3) hospitals in a large Brazilian metropolitan setting. There were 1.500 study subjects, 500 from each locale: 768 (51.2%) carried S. aureu...
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#1D. C. S. Rodrigues (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 1
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Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has been associated with a more rapid decline in lung function, increased hospitalisation and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clonal relationships among 116 MRSA isolates from 12 chronically colonised CF pediatric patients over a 6-year period in a Rio de Janeiro CF specialist centre. Isolates were characterised by antimicrobial resistance, SCCmec type, presence of Panton...
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Molecular epidemiological characteristics were investigated for 1,041 isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) collected in a tertiary care hospital in northern Japan for a 4-...
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INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcal colonization is a risk factor for healthcare-associated infections, which are frequent in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU). This study analyzed microbiology, epidemiology and clinical aspects of Staphylococcus spp. colonizing neonates. METHODOLOGY: Nasal or periumbilical swabs were evaluated from 175 newborns admitted to a NICU of a Rio de Janeiro hospital from March to September 2009. Clinical data were obtained from the medical records. SCCmec typing and the me...
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: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a commensal habitant of nasal cavities and skin. Colonization by community-acquired methicillin-resistant SA (CA-MRSA) is associated with infections in patients who have not been recently hospitalized. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of MRSA colonization in an outpatient population, currently unknown in Brazil. Three-hundred patients or caregivers from two teaching hospitals were included. A questionnaire was applied and nasal swabs were obtai...
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Up to 30 % of the human population are asymptomatically and permanently colonized with nasal Staphylococcus aureus. To successfully colonize human nares, S. aureus needs to establish solid interactions with human nasal epithelial cells and overcome host defense mechanisms. However, some factors like bacterial interactions in the human nose can influence S. aureus colonization and sometimes prevent colonization. On the other hand, certain host characteristics and environmental factors can predisp...
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Staphylococcus aureus is a foremost human pathogen, which causes an array of infections in the community and the healthcare setting. Although much of the attention is focused on the methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), the methicillin-susceptible counterpart (MSSA) remains a prime species in infections. The molecular epidemiology of S. aureus, particularly of MRSA, demonstrated a rapid evolution in the past few years. Worldwide surveillance has suggested that MRSA is a serious problem in all ...
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