Toxins
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#1Yan-Bin Shen (NCSU: North Carolina State University)
#2Alexandra C. Weaver (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 7
Last. Sung Woo Kim (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 67
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This study investigated the impact of deoxynivalenol (DON) from naturally contaminated feed on pig growth, immune status, organ health, brain serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and behavior. Sixteen individually housed pigs (25.57 ± 0.98 kg, age 9 weeks) were randomly allotted to two dietary treatments: without DON (CON) or with 3.8 mg/kg of DON (MT). Pigs were pair-fed to eliminate differences in feed intake (equal tryptophan (Trp) intake). Pigs fed CON received a daily ration based on the a...
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#1Mariarosaria Valente (Misericordia University)H-Index: 23
#2Christian Lettieri (Misericordia University)H-Index: 13
Last. Gian Luigi Gigli (Misericordia University)H-Index: 43
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Chronic pain syndromes present a subversion of both functional and structural nociceptive networks. We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to evaluate changes in cortical excitability and plasticity in patients with chronic migraine (CM) treated with botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A). We enrolled 11 patients with episodic migraine (EM) and 11 affected by CM. Baseline characteristics for both groups were recorded using single- and paired-pulse TMS protocols. The same TMS protocol was ...
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#1Christopher Hernandez (University of Toulouse)
#2Laura Cadenillas (University of Toulouse)
Last. Jean-Denis Bailly (University of Toulouse)H-Index: 14
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Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a potent carcinogenic mycotoxin that contaminates numerous crops pre- and post-harvest. To protect foods and feeds from such toxins without resorting to pesticides, the use of plant extracts has been increasingly studied. The most interesting candidate plants are those with strong antioxidative activity because oxidation reactions may interfere with AFB1 production. The present study investigates how an aqueous extract of Mimosa tenuiflora bark affects both the growth of A...
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#1Katharina Ernst (University of Ulm)H-Index: 8
#2Marc Landenberger (University of Ulm)H-Index: 2
Last. Holger Barth (University of Ulm)H-Index: 54
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The clinically highly relevant Clostridioides (C.) difficile releases several AB-type toxins that cause diseases such as diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. In addition to the main virulence factors Rho/Ras-glycosylating toxins TcdA and TcdB, hypervirulent strains produce the binary AB-type toxin CDT. CDT consists of two separate proteins. The binding/translocation B-component CDTb facilitates uptake and translocation of the enzyme A-component CDTa to the cytosol of cells. Here, CDTa ADP-ribo...
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#2Gabriele Netzel (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 18
Last. Mary T. Fletcher (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 20
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The leguminous plant species, Indigofera linnaei and Indigofera spicata are distributed throughout the rangeland regions of Australia and the compound indospicine (L-2-amino-6-amidinohexanoic acid) found in these palatable forage plants acts as a hepatotoxin and can accumulate in the meat of ruminant livestock and wild camels. In this study, bovine rumen fluid was cultivated in an in vitro fermentation system provided with Indigofera spicata plant material and the ability of the resulting mixed ...
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#1Dafne Alves Oliveira (MSU: Mississippi State University)H-Index: 2
#2Juliet D. Tang (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 22
Last. Marilyn L. Warburton (ARS: Agricultural Research Service)H-Index: 61
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Resistance against infection by the fungus Aspergillus flavus Link in commercial maize (Zea mays L.) is the topic of many studies, but few studies have investigated the effects of A. flavus infection on gene expression levels in ear kernels. A crucial component of gene expression profiling by RT-qPCR is having a reliable set of reference genes that show relatively constant expression across the treatments and phenotypes under study. Currently, however, there is no published information on refere...
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#1Huynh N P Dang (UTAS: University of Tasmania)
#2Joselito P. Quirino (UTAS: University of Tasmania)H-Index: 41
Alkenylbenzenes are potentially toxic (genotoxic and carcinogenic) compounds present in plants such as basil, tarragon, anise star and lemongrass. These plants are found in various edible consumer products, e.g., popularly used to flavour food. Thus, there are concerns about the possible health consequences upon increased exposure to alkenylbenzenes especially due to food intake. It is therefore important to constantly monitor the amounts of alkenylbenzenes in our food chain. A major challenge i...
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#1Alaa Baazeem (Taif University)H-Index: 4
#2Alicia RodríguezH-Index: 26
Last. Naresh Magan (Cranfield University)H-Index: 85
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Pistachio nuts are an important economic tree nut crop which is used directly or processed for many food-related activities. They can become colonized by mycotoxigenic spoilage fungi, especially Aspergillus flavus, mainly resulting in contamination with aflatoxins (AFs), especially aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The prevailing climate in which these crops are grown changes as temperature and atmospheric CO2 levels increase, and episodes of extreme wet/dry cycles occur due to human industrial activity. The...
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#1Laura Gatchoff (OU: University of Oklahoma)
#2Laura R. Stein (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 9
Risks of sociality, including competition and conspecific aggression, are particularly pronounced in venomous invertebrates such as arachnids. Spiders show a wide range of sociality, with differing levels of cannibalism and other types of social aggression. To have the greatest chance of surviving interactions with conspecifics, spiders must learn to assess and respond to risk. One of the major ways risk assessment is studied in spiders is via venom metering, in which spiders choose how much ven...
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#1Sophie Ndaw (Institut national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 8
#2Aurélie Remy (Institut national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 2
Last. Alain Robert (Institut national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 1
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It is now recognized that additional exposure to mycotoxins may occur through inhalation of contaminated dust at a workplace. The aim of this study was to characterize the multi-mycotoxin exposure of French grain elevator workers using biomonitoring and airborne measurements. Eighteen workers participated in the study. Personal airborne dust samples were analyzed for their mycotoxin concentrations. Workers provided multiple urine samples including pre-shift, post-shift and first morning urine sa...
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