Local dose analysis to predict acute and late urinary toxicities after prostate cancer radiotherapy: Assessment of cohort and method effects

Published on Jun 1, 2020in Radiotherapy and Oncology4.856
· DOI :10.1016/J.RADONC.2020.02.028
Eugenia Mylona4
Estimated H-index: 4
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Alessandro Cicchetti7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UNIPV: University of Pavia)
+ 8 AuthorsRenaud de Crevoisier28
Estimated H-index: 28
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
Abstract Purpose To perform bladder dose-surface map (DSM) analysis for (1) identifying symptom-related sub-surfaces (Ssurf) and evaluating their prediction capability of urinary toxicity, (2) comparing DSM with dose-volume map (DVM) (method effect), and (3) assessing the reproducibility of DSM (cohort effect). Methods and materials Urinary toxicities were prospectively analyzed for 254 prostate cancer patients treated with IMRT/IGRT at 78/80 Gy. DSMs were generated by unfolding bladder surfaces in a 2D plane. Pixel-by-pixel analysis was performed to identify symptom-related Ssurf. Likewise, voxel-by-voxel DVM analysis was performed to identify sub-volumes (Svol). The prediction capability of Ssurf and Svol DVHs was assessed by logistic/Cox regression using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). The Ssurf localization and prediction capability were compared to (1) the Svol obtained by DVM analysis in the same cohort and (2) the Ssurf obtained from other DSM studies. Results Three Ssurf were identified in the bladder: posterior for acute retention (AUC = 0.64), posterior–superior for late retention (AUC = 0.68), and inferior–anterior–lateral for late dysuria (AUC = 0.73). Five Svol were identified: one in the urethra for acute incontinence and four in the posterior bladder part for acute and late retention, late dysuria, and hematuria. The overlap between Ssurf and Svol was moderate for acute retention, good for late retention, and bad for late dysuria, and AUCs ranged from 0.62 to 0.81. The prediction capabilities of Ssurf and Svol models were not significantly different. Among five symptoms comparable between cohorts, common Ssurf was found only for late dysuria, with a good spatial agreement. Conclusion Spatial agreement between methods is relatively good although DVM identified more sub-regions. Reproducibility of identified Ssurf between cohorts is low.
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