Incidence and patterns of retropharyngeal lymph node involvement in oropharyngeal carcinoma

Published on Jan 1, 2020in Radiotherapy and Oncology4.856
· DOI :10.1016/J.RADONC.2019.07.021
Zsuzsanna Iyizoba-Ebozue2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Louise Murray18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Leeds)
+ 3 AuthorsRobin Prestwich28
Estimated H-index: 28
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Introduction The aim was to evaluate in oropharyngeal carcinoma the: (1) incidence and predictors of retropharyngeal (RP) lymph node (LN) involvement, (2) pattern of ipsilateral/bilateral/contralateral-only RP LNs (3) location of RP LNs in relation to contouring guidelines. Methods Single centre retrospective analysis of 402 patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma treated non-surgically between 2010 and 2017. All patients had a baseline FDG PET-CT and contrast-enhanced MRI and/or CT. All cases with reported abnormal RP LNs underwent radiology review. Results Abnormal RP LNs were identified in 40/402 (10%) of patients. On multivariate analysis, RP LN involvement was associated with posterior pharyngeal wall/soft palate primaries (OR 10.13 (95% CI 2.29–19.08), p = 0.002) and contralateral cervical LN involvement (OR 2.26 (95% CI 1.05–4.86), p = 0.036). T stage, largest LN size, levels of ipsilateral LN level involvement, HPV and smoking status did not predict risk. 5/402 (1.2%) patients had bilateral RP involvement. 3/402 patients (0.7%) had contralateral-only RP LNs. All patients with contralateral RP LNs had contralateral neck nodes or primary cancers extending across midline. In 5/40 (12.5%) cases with involved RP LNs, the RP LNs were superior to hard palate/upper edge of body of C1 vertebra. Conclusions RP LNs were identified in 10% of oropharyngeal carcinoma patients, and were associated with contralateral neck disease and/or posterior pharyngeal wall/soft palate primary. Contralateral RP LN involvement was rare and associated with contralateral neck disease and/or primary crossing midline, suggesting potential for omission from target volumes for selected patients. Involvement of RP LNs close to the skull base highlights the need for generous elective outlining.
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#1Hisham Mehanna (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 44
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Purpose/Objective(s) To investigate the factors contributing to the clinical presentation of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in the era of risk stratification using human papilloma virus (HPV) and smoking status. Methods and Materials All patients with OPSCC presenting to our institutional multidisciplinary clinic from January 2009 to June 2015 were reviewed from a prospective database. The patients were grouped as being at low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk in the manner d...
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