Phc2 controls hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell mobilization from bone marrow by repressing Vcam1 expression.

Published on Aug 2, 2019in Nature Communications14.919
路 DOI :10.1038/S41467-019-11386-4
Joonbeom Bae7
Estimated H-index: 7
(KU: Korea University),
Sang Pil Choi4
Estimated H-index: 4
(KU: Korea University)
+ 13 AuthorsTaehoon Chun22
Estimated H-index: 22
(KU: Korea University)
The timely mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) is essential for maintaining hematopoietic and tissue leukocyte homeostasis. Understanding how HSPCs migrate between bone marrow (BM) and peripheral tissues is of great significance in the clinical setting, where therapeutic strategies for modulating their migration capacity determine the clinical outcome. Here, we identify an epigenetic regulator, Phc2, as a critical modulator of HSPC trafficking. The genetic ablation of Phc2 in mice causes a severe defect in HSPC mobilization through the derepression of Vcam1 in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), ultimately leading to a systemic immunodeficiency. Moreover, the pharmacological inhibition of VCAM-1 in Phc2-deficient mice reverses the symptoms. We further determine that Phc2-dependent Vcam1 repression in BMSCs is mediated by the epigenetic regulation of H3K27me3 and H2AK119ub. Together, our data demonstrate a cell-extrinsic role for Phc2 in controlling the mobilization of HSPCs by finely tuning their bone marrow niche. Mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into the circulation is essential for maintaining homeostasis. Here, the authors show that Phc2 in bone marrow stromal cells represses the cell adhesion molecule Vcam1 and facilitates mobilization of HSPCs through regulation of epigenetic marks.
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