Application of failure mode and effects analysis to optimization of linac quality controls protocol

Published on Jun 1, 2019in Medical Physics3.317
· DOI :10.1002/MP.13538
F. Bonfantini6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Tommaso Giandini4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 6 AuthorsEmanuele Pignoli19
Estimated H-index: 19
Sources
Abstract
PURPOSE: To apply Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to optimize linac quality control (QC) protocol in order to ensure patient safety and treatment quality, taking maximum advantage of the available resources. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Each parameter tested by the QC was considered as a potential failure mode (FM). For each FM, likelihood of occurrence (O), severity of effect (S), and lack of detectability (D) were evaluated and corresponding Risk Priority Number (RPN) was calculated from the product of three indexes. The scores were assigned using two methods: (a) A survey submitted to the medical physicists; (b) A semi-quantitative analysis (SQA) performed through: simulation of FMs in the treatment planning system; studies reported in literature; results obtained by the QC data analysis. A weighted RPN for all FMs was calculated taking into account both the methods. For each linac, the tests were then sorted by their frequency and the RPN value. RESULTS: A high variability was found in the scores of the survey, although in many it was reduced in RPN values, highlighting the more relevant tests as on beam output and imaging system. Integrating these results with those obtained by SQA, the RPN-based ranking of tests has been provided considering the specific use of the accelerator: for example, more accurate tests on dose modulation and multileaf collimator speed were required in linacs where intensity-modulated treatment is performed, while, more specific tests on couch and jaw position indicators were necessary where treatments with multiple isocenters and/or junctions between adjacent fields were often delivered. CONCLUSIONS: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis is a useful tool to prioritize the linac QCs, taking into account the specific equipment and clinical practice. The integration of SQA and survey results reduces subjectivity of the FMEA scoring and allows to optimize linac QCs without "losing" the expertise and experience of medical physicists and clinical staff.
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Purpose The purpose of this guideline is to provide a list of critical performance tests in order to assist the Qualified Medical Physicist (QMP) in establishing and maintaining a safe and effective quality assurance (QA) program. The performance tests on a linear accelerator (linac) should be selected to fit the clinical patterns of use of the accelerator and care should be given to perform tests which are relevant to detecting errors related to the specific use of the accelerator. Methods A ri...
36 CitationsSource
Purpose To determine clinic-specific linear accelerator quality assurance (QA) TG-142 test frequencies, to maximize physicist time efficiency and patient treatment quality. Methods and Materials A novel quantitative approach to failure mode and effect analysis is proposed. Nine linear accelerator-years of QA records provided data on failure occurrence rates. The severity of test failure was modeled by introducing corresponding errors into head and neck intensity modulated radiation therapy treat...
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The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery challenges traditional prescriptive quality management (QM) methods, such as many of those included in guidelines published by organizations such as the AAPM, ASTRO, ACR, ESTRO, and IAEA. These prescriptive guidelines have traditionally focused on monitoring all aspects of the functional performance of radiotherapy (RT) equipment by comparing parameters against tolerances set at strict but achievable values. Many errors ...
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Background A multidisciplinary and multi-institutional working group applied the Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) approach to assess the risks for patients undergoing Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) treatments for lesions located in spine and liver in two CyberKnife® Centres.
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#1Song Gao (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)H-Index: 11
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#1Eric Ford (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 60
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Purpose: Explore the feasibility and impact of a streamlined failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) using a structured process that is designed to minimize staff effort. Methods: FMEA for the external beam process was conducted at an affiliate radiation oncology center that treats approximately 60 patients per day. A structured FMEA process was developed which included clearly defined roles and goals for each phase. A core group of seven people was identified and a facilitator was chosen to le...
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#1Sara Broggi (UniSR: Vita-Salute San Raffaele University)H-Index: 24
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The aim of this paper was the application of the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) approach to assess the risks for patients undergoing radiotherapy treatments performed by means of a helical tomotherapy unit. FMEA was applied to the preplanning imaging, volume determination, and treatment planning stages of the tomotherapy process and consisted of three steps: 1) identification of the involved subprocesses; 2) identification and ranking of the potential failure modes, together with their...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of quality assurance (QA)-related setup errors in passive proton therapy for prostate cancer with and without a hydrogel spacer. We used 20 typical computed tomography (CT) images of prostate cancer: 10 patients with and 10 patients without spacers. The following 12 model errors were assumed: output error ± 2%, range error ± 1 mm, setup error ± 1 mm for three directions, and multileaf collimator (MLC) position error ± 1 mm. We created verifica...
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#1Min Ma (Peking Union Medical College)
#2Kuo Men (Peking Union Medical College)H-Index: 6
Last. Jianrong Dai (Peking Union Medical College)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Purpose The output constancy check, a basic quality control (QC) item for radiotherapy machines, is performed daily according to suggestions in technical reports by experienced experts. In this study, a patient risk model was built to determine the optimal frequency of an output constancy check for a specific radiotherapy machine. Methods and materials The method was based on the patient risk model and comprised three steps: 1) the power function graph was used to select a proper QC rul...
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