Role of prostaglandin I2 in the bronchoconstriction-triggered cough response in guinea pigs

Published on Nov 26, 2018in Experimental Lung Research1.702
· DOI :10.1080/01902148.2019.1590883
Tamami Sakai3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Kanazawa University),
Johsuke Hara12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Kanazawa University)
+ 9 AuthorsShinji Nakao59
Estimated H-index: 59
(Kanazawa University)
Source
Abstract
AbstractPurpose/Aim of the study: Methacholine chloride (MCh) inhalation causes bronchoconstriction and cough. Following MCh-induced bronchoconstriction, metabolic products of prostaglandin I2 (PGI...
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Abstract A feature of cough variant asthma is a heightened cough response to bronchoconstriction. The mediators of this response are unknown. This study was designed to elucidate the role of lipid mediators in bronchoconstriction-triggered cough response in an experimental animal model. We examined the influence of bronchoconstriction on cell components and mediators including prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2 ) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). We studied the cough response to bronchoconstriction ...
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In allergic asthma, inhalation of airborne allergens such as the house dust mite (HDM) effectively activates both innate and adaptive immunity in the lung mucosa. To determine the role of the eicosanoid PGI2 and its receptor IP during allergic airway sensitization, HDM responses in mice lacking a functional IP receptor (i.e., PGI2 IP receptor–deficient [IP−/−]) were compared with wild type (WT) mice. Surprisingly, IP−/− mice had increased numbers of pulmonary CD3−NK1.1+Ly49b+ NK cells producing ...
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Allergic airway diseases are immune disorders associated with heightened type 2 immune responses and IL-5 and IL-13 production at the site of inflammation. We have previously reported that cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition by indomethacin augmented allergic airway inflammation in a STAT6-independent manner. However, the key COX product(s) responsible for restraining indomethacin-mediated STAT6-independent allergic inflammation is unknown. In this study, using the mouse model of OVA-induced allergi...
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Vagal sensory neurons constitute the major afferent supply to the airways and lungs. Subsets of afferents are defined by their embryological origin, molecular profile, neurochemistry, functionality, and anatomical organization, and collectively these nerves are essential for the regulation of respiratory physiology and pulmonary defense through local responses and centrally mediated neural pathways. Mechanical and chemical activation of airway afferents depends on a myriad of ionic and receptor-...
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ABSTRACTAims: Inflammatory mediators are involved in the pathophysiology of neutrophilic bronchial disorders presenting with chronic productive cough. Accumulating evidence indicates that prostanoids are key elements in the pathophysiology of these disorders. However, little is known about the role of prostacyclin in neutrophilic bronchial inflammation. Methods: The effect of beraprost, a chemically and biologically stable analog of prostacyclin, on cough response to inhaled capsaicin was examin...
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Background and objective: The pathophysiology of cough variant asthma (CVA) is poorly understood. We compared bronchoconstriction-triggered cough between CVA patients and normal control (NC) subjects. Methods: There were two protocols in the study. We measured bronchial responsiveness to methacholine (MCh) and counted the number of coughs in nine CVA patients and seven NC subjects (Study A). Using partial and full flow–volume curves, expiratory flow of the partial flow–volume curve at 40% above ...
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Background Asthma is characterized pathologically by structural changes in the airway, termed airway remodeling. These changes are associated with worse long-term clinical outcomes and have been attributed to eosinophilic inflammation. In vitro studies indicate, however, that the compressive mechanical forces that arise during bronchoconstriction may induce remodeling independently of inflammation. We evaluated the influence of repeated experimentally induced bronchoconstriction on airway struct...
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Background and objective. Cough is an essential innate protective behavior, which is experienced by even healthy individuals. The mechanism of cough triggered by bronchoconstriction is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between bronchoconstriction and cough caused by methacholine (Mch) inhalation in typical asthmatics and normal healthy subjects. Methods. We measured bronchial responsiveness to Mch and counted the number of coughs induced by Mch inhalation in 15...
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#1Sarah A. Maher (Imperial College London)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Background Cough variant asthma (CVA) is recognized as a precursor of bronchial asthma (BA). However, the cough response to bronchoconstriction differs between these similar diseases. Repeated bronchoconstriction and the resulting imbalance of endogenous lipid mediators may impact the cough response. Methods We investigated the influence of repeated bronchoconstriction on the cough response to bronchoconstriction using naive guinea pigs. Bronchoconstriction was induced for 3 consecutive...
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