Cajanolactone A from Cajanus cajan Promoted Osteoblast Differentiation in Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells via Stimulating Wnt/LRP5/β-Catenin Signaling
Published on Jan 12, 2019in Molecules3.267
· DOI :10.3390/MOLECULES24020271
Cajanolactone A (CLA) is a stilbenoid discovered by us from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. In our study, CLA was found to promote osteoblast differentiation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), as judged by increased cellular alkaline phosphatase activity and extracellular calcium deposits, and elevated protein expression of Runx2, collagen-1, bone morphogenetic protein-2, and osteopontin. Mechanistic studies revealed that hBMSCs undergoing osteoblast differentiation expressed upregulated mRNA levels of Wnt3a, Wnt10b, LRP5/6, Frizzled 4, β-catenin, Runx2, and Osterix from the early stage of differentiation, indicating the role of activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in osteoblast differentiation. Addition of CLA to the differentiation medium further increased the mRNA level of Wnt3a, Wnt10b, Frizzled 4, LRP5, and β-catenin, inferring that CLA worked by stimulating Wnt/LRP5/β-catenin signaling. Wnt inhibitor dickkopf-1 antagonized CLA-promoted osteoblastogenesis, indicating that CLA did not target the downstream of canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Treatment with CLA caused no changes in mRNA expression level, as well as protein secretion of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), indicating that CLA did not affect the OPG/RANKL axis. Our results showed that CLA, which promoted osteoblast differentiation in hBMSCs, through activating Wnt/LRP5/β-catenin signaling transduction, is a promising anti-osteoporotic drug candidate.