Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Kidney Diseases.

Published on Jan 1, 2018in Kidney & Blood Pressure Research1.898
· DOI :10.1159/000489745
Abdullah Ozkok1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UHSA: University of Health Sciences Antigua),
Abdullah Ozkok17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UHSA: University of Health Sciences Antigua)
+ -1 AuthorsAlaattin Yildiz30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Istanbul University)
Sources
Abstract
: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are bone marrow derived or tissue-resident cells that play major roles in the maintenance of vascular integrity and repair of endothelial damage. Although EPCs may be capable of directly engrafting and regenerating the endothelium, the most important effects of EPCs seem to be depended on paracrine effects. In recent studies, specific microvesicles and mRNAs have been found to mediate the pro-angiogenic and regenerative effects of EPCs on endothelium. EPC counts have important prognostic implications in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Uremia and inflammation are associated with lower EPC counts which probably contribute to increased CVD risks in patients with chronic kidney disease. Beneficial effects of the EPC therapies have been shown in studies performed on different models of CVD and kidney diseases such as acute and chronic kidney diseases and glomerulonephritis. However, lack of a clear definition and specific marker of EPCs is the most important problem causing difficulties in interpretation of the results of the studies investigating EPCs.
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