Neuroimaging correlates of language network impairment and reorganization in temporal lobe epilepsy

Published on Jul 5, 2016in Brain and Language2.339
· DOI :10.1016/J.BANDL.2016.06.002
S. Balter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco),
George Lin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Palo Alto University)
+ 2 AuthorsCarrie R. McDonald38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Advanced, noninvasive imaging has revolutionized our understanding of language networks in the brain and is reshaping our approach to the presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has had the greatest impact, unveiling the complexity of language organization and reorganization in patients with epilepsy both pre- and postoperatively, while volumetric MRI and diffusion tensor imaging have led to a greater appreciation of structural and microstructural correlates of language dysfunction in different epilepsy syndromes. In this article, we review recent literature describing how unimodal and multimodal imaging has advanced our knowledge of language networks and their plasticity in epilepsy, with a focus on the most frequently studied epilepsy syndrome in adults, temporal lobe epilepsy ( TLE ). We also describe how new analytic techniques (i.e., graph theory) are leading to a refined characterization of abnormal brain connectivity, and how subject-specific imaging profiles combined with clinical data may enhance the prediction of both seizure and language outcomes following surgical interventions.
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