Brain and Language
Papers 4685
1 page of 469 pages (4,685 results)
#1Yuanyi Zheng (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Zitong Zhao (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Last. Xiaoqing Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 7
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Abstract null null Musical experience has been found to aid speech perception. This electroencephalography study further examined whether and how musical expertise affects high-level predictive semantic processing in speech comprehension. Musicians and non-musicians listened to semantically strongly/weakly constraining sentences, with each sentence being primed by a congruent/incongruent sentence-prosody. At the target nouns, a N400 reduction effect (strongly vs. weakly constraining) was observe...
#1Anna Abraham (UGA: University of Georgia)
#2Barbara Rutter (University of Giessen)H-Index: 6
Last. Christiane Hermann (University of Giessen)H-Index: 28
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Abstract null null The aims of the present ERP study were twofold. First, to determine whether a previous study on creative cognition could be replicated, and second, to extend these findings by examining individual differences in creativity. Conceptual expansion, a capacity that is central to creativity, was induced via the processing of novel metaphors. Brain activity patterns in relation to these were compared to the processing of literal and nonsense phrases. The previous findings were repli...
#1Lin Zhou (University of Pittsburgh)
#2Charles A. Perfetti (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 99
Abstract null null Consistency and regularity, concepts that arise, respectively, from the connectionist and classical cognitive modeling work in alphabetic reading, are two ways to characterize the orthography-to-phonology mappings of written languages. These concepts have been applied to Chinese reading research despite important differences across writing systems, with mixed results concerning their relative importance. The present study of covert naming in Chinese is distinctive in testing t...
#1Holly A. Zaharchuk (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
#2Elisabeth A. Karuza (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 11
Cross-linguistic similarity is a term so broad and multi-faceted that it is not easily defined. The degree of overlap between languages is known to affect lexical competition during online processing and production, and its relevance for second language acquisition has also been established. Nevertheless, determining what makes two languages similar (or not) increases in complexity when multiple levels of the language hierarchy (e.g., phonology, syntax) are considered. How can we feasibly accoun...
#1Hossein Karimi (MSU: Mississippi State University)H-Index: 6
#2Michele T. Diaz (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 20
Abstract null null We investigated how phonologically similar words are encoded and retrieved from memory during sentence processing across younger and older adults. Critical sentences included two phonologically similar or dissimilar noun phrases (henceforth NPs) followed by a pronoun. We examined brain activity time-locked to the onsets of the second NP, and the pronoun to investigate the encoding and retrieval of the NPs, respectively. Encoding the second NP resulted in smaller N400 amplitude...
#1Kelvin F. H. Lui (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 4
#2Jason Chor Ming Lo (Haskins Laboratories)
Last. Urs Maurer (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 28
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Abstract null null EEG network modularity, as a proxy for cognitive plasticity, has been proposed to be a more reliable neural marker than power and coherence in predicting learning outcomes. The present study examined the associations between resting state EEG network modularity and both L1 Chinese and L2 English literacy skills among 90 Hong Kong first to fifth graders. The modularity indices of different frequency bands were highly correlated with one another. An exploratory factor analysis, ...
#1Valérie Brisson (Laval University)
#2Pascale Tremblay (Laval University)H-Index: 21
Normal aging is associated with speech perception in noise (SPiN) difficulties. The objective of this study was to determine if SPiN performance can be enhanced by intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) in young and older adults. METHOD We developed a sub-lexical SPiN test to evaluate the contribution of age, hearing, and cognition to SPiN performance in young and older adults. iTBS was applied to the left posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and the left ventral premotor cortex (PMv) ...
#1Ananthanarayan Krishnan (Purdue University)H-Index: 30
#2Chandan H. Suresh (CSU: California State University)
Last. Jackson T. Gandour (Purdue University)H-Index: 28
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Temporal attributes of pitch processing at cortical and subcortical levels are differentially weighted and well-coordinated. The question is whether language experience induces functional modulation of hemispheric preference complemented by brainstem ear symmetry for pitch processing. Brainstem frequency-following and cortical pitch responses were recorded concurrently from Mandarin and English participants. A Mandarin syllable with a rising pitch contour was presented to both ears with monaural...
#1Sarah von Grebmer zu Wolfsthurn (LEI: Leiden University)
#2Leticia Pablos Robles (LEI: Leiden University)
Last. Niels O. Schiller (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 35
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This study investigated cross-linguistic interference in German low-proficient late learners of Spanish. We examined the modulating influence of gender congruency and cognate status using a syntactic violation paradigm. Behavioural results demonstrated that participants were more sensitive to similarities at the syntactic level (gender congruency) than to phonological and orthographic overlap (cognate status). Electrophysiological data showed that they were sensitive to syntactic violations (P60...
#1Enhui Li (SNNU: Shaanxi Normal University)
#2Feng Xiao (SNNU: Shaanxi Normal University)
Last. Jingjing Guo (SNNU: Shaanxi Normal University)
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Learning words through contextual inference is a key way to enlarge one's vocabulary especially for adults. However, few studies focused on the effects of different information contained in contexts on novel word learning. The present study used behavioral and fNIRS techniques to investigate the influences of positive, neutral and negative emotions inherent in self-related or other-related referential contexts. Participants were asked to perform a semantic consistency and a source judgment task ...
Top fields of study
Developmental psychology
Cognitive psychology
Language disorder