Training Physical Education Students to Self-Regulate during Basketball Free Throw Practice.

Published on Jun 1, 2006in Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport1.883
· DOI :10.1080/02701367.2006.10599358
Timothy J. Cleary24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee),
Barry J. Zimmerman91
Estimated H-index: 91
(CUNY: City University of New York),
Tedd Keating5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Manhattan College)
The additive effects of self-regulation training in forethought, performance, and self-reflection phase processes on acquiring a novel motoric skill (i.e., basketball free throws) and self-reflective beliefs were studied with 50 college students. The results showed a positive linear trend between the number of self-regulatory phases, in which the participants were trained, and their free throw shooting performance and shooting adaptation. The two- and three-phase training groups displayed significantly more accurate free throws and were able to self-correct their shooting form more frequently following missed shots than all other groups. Participants who received three-phase training displayed the most adaptive motivational profile, characterized by making strategic attributions and adaptive inferences and by using self/process criteria during self-evaluations.
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