The birthday of a new syndrome: IgG4-related diseases constitute a clinical entity.

Published on Jul 1, 2010in Autoimmunity Reviews7.767
· DOI :10.1016/J.AUTREV.2010.05.003
Hiroki Takahashi51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Sapporo Medical University),
Motohisa Yamamoto35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Sapporo Medical University)
+ 3 AuthorsKohzoh Imai87
Estimated H-index: 87
(Sapporo Medical University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract IgG4-related disease is a distinct clinical entity, whose characteristic features are the following; Serum IgG4 is prominently elevated, IgG4-positive plasma cells infiltrate in involved tissues, various mass-forming lesions with fibrosis develop in a timely and spatial manner and the response to corticosteroids is prompt and good. IgG4-related diseases mainly target two organs. One is the pancreas (autoimmune pancreatitis; AIP), and the other comprises the lacrimal and salivary glands, the clinical phenotype is Mikulicz's disease (MD). MD has long been considered a manifestation of Sjogren's syndrome (SS). However, we noticed several clinical differences in case of MD from SS; no deflection of female sex differences, mild sicca syndrome, good response to corticosteroids, no positivity of anti-SS-A/SS-B antibodies. In addition, elevated level of serum IgG4 and abundant infiltration of plasma cells expressing IgG4 were reported in MD patients. Those are common features of IgG4-related diseases. MD often coexisted with IgG4-related diseases such as AIP, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and IgG4-associated nephropathy. Based on those findings, it has been considered to recognize IgG4-related diseases including MD as a new clinical entity. The etiology of IgG4-related systemic diseases remains to be elucidated. It is necessary to accumulate and analyze larger data from patients worldwide.
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Background: Mikulicz’s disease (MD) has been considered as one manifestation of Sjogren’s syndrome (SS). Recently, it has also been considered as an IgG 4 -related disorder. Objective: To determine the differences between IgG 4 -related disorders including MD and SS. Methods: A study was undertaken to investigate patients with MD and IgG 4 -related disorders registered in Japan and to set up provisional criteria for the new clinical entity IgG 4 -positive multiorgan lymphoproliferative syndrome ...
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Recent advances support the concept of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) as a unique systemic disease, because it shows occasional extrapancreatic lesions such as sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing sialoadenitis, and retroperitoneal fibrosis, pathological features similar to those of fibrosis, and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells, and it is steroid responsive. Based on these findings, several diagnostic criteria have been proposed. Although AIP is accepted worldwide as a unique cl...
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Background Autoimmune pancreatitis is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by high serum IgG4 concentrations and abundant IgG4-bearing plasma cell infiltration in the pancreatic lesion, and it has been reported to be associated with a variety of extrapancreatic lesions, leading us to postulate the concept of a systemic inflammatory disease. To confirm this, we clarified the exact distribution of these extrapancreatic lesions and provide a panoramic view of them.
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Mikulicz's disease (MD) has been included within the diagnosis of primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS), but it represents a unique condition involving persistent enlargement of the lacrimal and salivary glands characterized by few autoimmune reactions and good responsiveness to glucocorticoids, leading to the recovery of gland function. Mikulicz's disease was recently reported to be associated with elevated immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) concentrations in the serum and prominent infiltration of plasmacytes...
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Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a peculiar type of pancreatitis of presumed autoimmune etiology. Many new clinical aspects of AIP have been clarified during the past 10 years, and AIP has become a distinct entity recognized worldwide. However, its precise pathogenesis or pathophysiology remains unclear. As AIP dramatically responds to steroid therapy, accurate diagnosis of AIP is necessary to avoid unnecessary surgery. Characteristic dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and fibrosis in the panc...
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症例は,73歳女性.1998年頃より口渇,両側上眼瞼腫脹が出現,2003年10月には両側顎下部腫脹を認めた.同時期に近医で糖尿病と診断され,経口血糖降下薬の投与が開始された.2004年夏頃より上眼瞼腫脹が増強したため,当科受診,精査加療目的にて10月に入院となった.頭部CT・MRIでは,両側涙腺・顎下腺腫脹を認めた.血清学的に高γグロブリン血症を認めたが,抗核抗体・抗SS-A抗体は陰性であり,乾燥性角結膜炎も認めなかった.さらなる精査で,高IgG4血症及び小唾液腺生検にて著明なIgG4陽性形質細胞浸潤を認めたため,Mikulicz病と診断した.腹部CTではびまん性膵腫大を認め,ERCPで総胆管・主膵管に狭窄を認めた.自己免疫性膵炎の合併と診断し,プレドニゾロン40 mg/日より治療を開始した.その結果,涙腺・顎下腺腫脹は消失,唾液分泌能も回復した.また膵腫大,総胆管・膵管狭窄も改善した.耐糖能障害も回復傾向にある.Mikulicz病と自己免疫性膵炎は共に高IgG4血症を呈し,組織中にIgG4陽性形質細胞浸潤を認めることから,両疾患の関連を考える上で非常に興味深い症例であると思われた.
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Abstract Mikulicz's disease (MD) has been considered part of primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) since Morgan's report in 1953. MD represents a unique condition involving enlargement of the lacrimal and salivary glands, as is also seen in SS; however, MD is characterized by few autoimmune reaction and its good responsiveness to glucocorticoid. Recent reports have shown that the frequency of apoptosis in glands of MD patients is lower when compared with SS. This phenomenon reflects the histologically...
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Objective. Mikulicz's disease (MD) has been included within the diagnosis of primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS), but represents a unique condition involving enlargement of the lachrymal and salivary glands and characterized by few autoimmune reactions and good responsiveness to glucocorticoids. We have previously described elevated immunoglobulin (Ig) G4 in the serum of four patients with MD. In this paper, we accumulated more MD cases and undertook clinical and histopathological analysis of these ...
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