Inter and intraspecies comparison of the level of selected bacterial phyla in in cattle and sheep based on feces.

Published on Jun 25, 2021in BMC Veterinary Research1.835
· DOI :10.1186/S12917-021-02922-W
Natalia Szeligowska1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences),
Paulina Cholewińska5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsMarzena Janczak2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)
Sources
Abstract
BACKGROUND The microbiome of the digestive tract of ruminants contains microbial ecosystem that is affected by both environmental and genetic factors. The subject of this study concerns the influence of selected genetic factors, such as species of animals and "host" individual differences on the digestive tract microbiome composition. The results show the core microbiological composition (Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes) of ruminants digestive tract (based on feces) depending on breed and "host". The Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes phyla are the most abundant in ruminants digestive tract. The aim of the study was to determine the differences prevalence level of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes phyla in feces of Charolaise cattle and Polish Olkuska Sheep with respect to intra- and inter-species variability. RESULTS The research group in the experiment consisted of animals at the age of 3 months kept in the same environmental conditions - rams of Polish Olkuska Sheep (n = 10) and Charolaise bulls (n = 10). Feces were collected individually from each animal (animals without disease symptoms were selected), living on the same environmental conditions. The analysis of the results in terms of species showed differences in the Firmicutes phylum level and Lactobacillaceae family between rams and bulls. Subsequently, the analysis performed for the "host effect" showed differentiation in the levels of the Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes phyla between individuals in a group and also between the groups. CONCLUSION The obtained results suggest that, apart from the diet and the environment, the species and the individual host are equally important factors influencing the microbiological composition of the digestive system of ruminants.
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