BMC Veterinary Research
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#1Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 4
#2Iruka N. Okeke (UI: University of Ibadan)H-Index: 31
Last. John Elmerdahl Olsen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 61
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BACKGROUND Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health threat affecting treatment outcome in animals and humans. A pre-requisite for development of AMR reduction strategies is knowledge of antimicrobial use patterns, and how these affect resistance development. The aim of this study was to determine antimicrobial usage (AMU) and whether such usage was associated with AMR in Salmonella from poultry farms in Northwest Nigeria. RESULTS Fifteen (37%) of antimicrobial products observed containe...
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#1Anna Jackova (University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna)H-Index: 7
#2Katarina Dudasova (University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna)
Last. Stefan Vilcek (University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna)H-Index: 33
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Background null Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is agent causing hepatitis worldwide. Originally considered to be limited to developing countries, this virus was also detected in developed countries. In recent years an increasing number of reports indicate that farmed domestic pigs are widely infected with HEV in several European countries. The HEV status in Slovakia is still missing. null Results null In this study, the circulation of HEV among domestic swine in Slovakia and genetic diversity of the vi...
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#1Alessandro VetereH-Index: 2
#2Mara Bertocchi (University of Parma)H-Index: 4
Last. Francesco Di Ianni (University of Parma)H-Index: 9
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BACKGROUND Spondylitis is an inflammation of the vertebrae that leads to a destructive process with exuberant new bone formation. Osteomyelitis can produce a distortion of the bone architecture, degenerative joint changes and ankyloses of adjacent vertebrae. In reptiles, intervertebral discs are absent, so the term discospondylitis is not used. In lizards, vertebral lesions have not been well studied. The present paper describes the first case of Klebsiella sp.-related spondylitis in a pet lizar...
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#1Diogo Coelho (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 4
#2Cristina M. Alfaia (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 21
Last. José A. M. Prates (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 41
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BACKGROUND Chlorella vulgaris has been proposed as a sustainable green feedstock in poultry nutrition due to its ease of cultivation, minimal environmental impact and balanced nutritional composition. However, the majority of studies documents the use of C. vulgaris as a dietary supplement in broilers instead of a feed ingredient. To the best of our knowledge, no report has shown the effect of a high-level incorporation (>2 % in the diet) of C. vulgaris on plasma metabolites and hepatic lipid co...
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#1Libin Wen (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 7
#1Libin Wen (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 4
Last. Kongwang HeH-Index: 14
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Background null Porcine circovirus-like virus P1 is a relatively new kind of virus that is closely related to the post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome, congenital tremors, and abortions in swine. The molecular mechanisms of P1 virus infection and pathogenesis are fully unknown. To analyze P1 and its host interactions, we used a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) assay to identify cellular proteins interacting with the Cap of the P1 virus. In this study, the Cap of the P1 virus exhibited no self-activ...
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#1Camila Peres Rubio (University of Murcia)H-Index: 10
#2José J. Cerón (University of Murcia)H-Index: 45
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are reactive compounds derived from oxygen. In biological systems, an excessive amount of ROS can cause oxidative damage to biological macromolecules being involved in different diseases. Several assays have been developed in the last 30 years for ROS evaluation. The objective of this article will be to provide an update about the spectrophotometric methods currently used in the assessment of ROS in serum. The chemical basis of four different techniques will be revi...
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#1Natalia Szeligowska (Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Paulina Cholewińska (Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)H-Index: 5
Last. Marzena Janczak (Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)H-Index: 2
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BACKGROUND The microbiome of the digestive tract of ruminants contains microbial ecosystem that is affected by both environmental and genetic factors. The subject of this study concerns the influence of selected genetic factors, such as species of animals and "host" individual differences on the digestive tract microbiome composition. The results show the core microbiological composition (Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes) of ruminants digestive tract (based on feces) depending on breed and "host". T...
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#1Franziska WagnerH-Index: 3
#2Sven ReeseH-Index: 20
Last. Christoph K. W. Mülling (Leipzig University)H-Index: 5
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Background: Long-term cyclic tensile testing with equine palmar/plantar tendons have not yet been performed due to problems in fixing equine tendons securely and loading them cyclically. It is well established that the biomechanical response of tendons varies during cyclic loading over time. The aim of this study was to develop a clamping device that enables repetitive cyclic tensile testing of equine superficial digital flexor tendon for at least 60 loading cycles and for 5 min. Results: A nove...
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#1Sebastian Ganz (University of Giessen)H-Index: 1
#2Axel Wehrend (University of Giessen)H-Index: 18
BACKGROUND Clinical signs of heat in bitches that have been previously spayed are often associated with the presence of ovarian remnant syndrome. The inclusion of exogenous estrogens as a differential diagnosis in this regard is often ignored and may lead to misinterpretation of the case. CASE PRESENTATION Herein, we report a case of exogenous estrogen exposure over several months to a 6.5-year-old spayed crossbred bitch, weighing 8.4 kg. The bitch presented in the clinic because of suspected ov...
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#1Jérémy Béguin (École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort)H-Index: 2
#2Matthias Kohlhauer (École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort)H-Index: 5
Last. Christelle Maurey (École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort)H-Index: 9
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Background null 5-fluorocytosine is a pyrimidine and a fluorinated cytosine analog mainly used as an antifungal agent. It is a precursor of 5-fluorouracil, which possesses anticancer properties. To reduce systemic toxicity of 5-fluorouracil during chemotherapy, 5- fluorocytosine can be used as a targeted anticancer agent. Expression of cytosine deaminase by a viral vector within a tumor allows targeted chemotherapy by converting 5-fluorocytosine into the cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluoro...
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