Structural characteristics and anti-inflammatory activity of UV/H2O2-treated algal sulfated polysaccharide from Gracilaria lemaneiformis.

Published on Jun 1, 2021in Food and Chemical Toxicology4.679
· DOI :10.1016/J.FCT.2021.112157
Yufeng Gong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SCUT: South China University of Technology),
Yongxuan Ma1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsViktoryia Kulikouskaya7
Estimated H-index: 7
(NASB: National Academy of Sciences of Belarus)
Abstract The study aimed to study the effects on structural characteristics and anti-inflammatory activities of algal sulfated polysaccharides isolated from Gracilaria lemaneiformis (GLP) after a combined treatment of UV irradiation (average irradiance of 6500 mJ/cm2) and H2O2 (50 mmol/L) for various time periods up to 60 minutes. After a 30-minute treatment, the molecular weight and particle size of GLP was decreased by 15 and 2.6 fold, respectively with small but significant decrease in the contents of total sugars, uronic acids and proteins. There seemed to have no starch and the presence of longer side chains of branches in the GLP samples before and after UV/H2O2 treatment based on the I2-KI assay. Scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope analysis confirmed that the UV/H2O2 treatment could modify the surface morphology of GLP. GLP treated for 5 minutes possessed the strongest in vitro anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 by 60.49%, 62.81% and 36.29%, respectively in IEC-6 cells when compared to the model. Therefore, UV/H2O2 treatment had the potential to enhance the anti-inflammatory activity of algal sulfated polysaccharides.
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