Food and Chemical Toxicology
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#1A.M. ApiH-Index: 34
#3S. BisertaH-Index: 1
Last. Yoshiki TokuraH-Index: 61
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#1Rekha C. Balachandran (Purdue University)H-Index: 4
#2Frank M. Yanko (NU: Northwestern University)
Last. Linda H. Nie (Purdue University)H-Index: 14
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Hair is used as a biomarker of manganese (Mn) exposure, yet there is limited evidence to support its utility to quantify internal vs external Mn exposure. C57BL/6 J mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed in two blocks of 3 subcutaneous injections every 3 days starting on day 0 or 20. The control group received two blocks of saline (vehicle); Treatment A received the first block as Mn (50 mg/kg MnCl2 tetrahydrate), with the second block as either methylmercury (MeHg at 2.6 or 1.3 mg/kg) for mi...
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#1Melanie N. Hemgesberg (TUK: Kaiserslautern University of Technology)
#2Simone Stegmüller (TUK: Kaiserslautern University of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Dieter Schrenk (TUK: Kaiserslautern University of Technology)H-Index: 52
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Abstract null null Acrylamide (AA) is a carcinogen formed during thermal food processing and can cause tumors in rodents while its carcinogenic potency in humans is unclear. Metabolic conversion of AA leads to glycidamide (GA) forming N7-GA-guanine (N7-GA-Gua) as the major DNA adduct in rodents while no such adducts were found in human tissues so far. In a cohort of 56 healthy volunteers adduct levels were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) DNA and anthropometric, dietary, an...
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Last. Chunlin Zhuang ('SMMU': Second Military Medical University)H-Index: 14
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Abstract null null Lung cancer caused one-quarter of all cancer deaths that was more than other cancers. Chemoprevention is a potential strategy to reducing lung cancer incidence and death, and the effective chemopreventive agents are needed. We investigated the efficacy and mechanism of garlic oil (GO), the garlic product, in the chemoprevention of tobacco carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung cancer in A/J mice and MRC-5 cell models in the present study. ...
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#1Luana Heimfarth (UFS: Universidade Federal de Sergipe)H-Index: 6
#2Leandro da Silva Nascimento (IME: Instituto Militar de Engenharia)H-Index: 1
Last. Valdir F. Veiga-Junior (IME: Instituto Militar de Engenharia)H-Index: 1
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Abstract null null Neurodegenerative diseases affect millions of people worldwide. Regardless of the underlying cause, neuroinflammation is the greatest risk factor for developing any of these disorders. Pectolinarigenin (PNG) is an active flavonoid with several biological properties, anti-metastatic and anti-inflammatory activity. This study investigate the biological effects of PNG in macrophage and astrocyte cultures, with focus on elucidating the molecular mechanisms involved in the PNG acti...
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#1Zhanchen Dong (Dalian Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Tianming Qiu (Dalian Medical University)H-Index: 9
Last. Guang Yang (Dalian Medical University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract null null Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is one kind of persistent organic pollutants. In previous study, we found that PFOS induced autophagy-dependent lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) in hepatocytes, and siRNA against lysosomal permease spinster 1 (SPNS1) relieved PFOS-induced LMP. However, whether and how SPNS1 functioned as the link between autophagy and LMP was still not defined. In this study, we constructed a stable cell line expressing high levels of SPNS1. We found t...
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The current generation of carcinogenicity tests is often insufficient to predict cancer outcomes from pesticide exposures. In order to facilitate health risk assessment, The International Agency for Research on Cancer identified 10 key characteristics which are commonly exhibited by human carcinogens. The ToxTracker panel of six validated GFP-based mouse embryonic stem reporter cell lines is designed to measure a number of these carcinogenic properties namely DNA damage, oxidative stress and the...
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#1Jianan Wang (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 1
#2Xudong Li (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))
Last. Jing Dong (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 12
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Abstract null null Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a typical endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) that can increase the risk of central nervous system disease. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo effects of DEHP exposure on GDNF secretion and the underlying mechanisms. Pregnant Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups and administered 0, 30, 300, or 750 mg/kg DEHP daily by oral gavage. In addition, primary astrocytes were exposed to mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthal...
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#8Cuihong Jin (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 12
Introduction null Aluminum is a kind of chemical contaminants in food which can induce neurotoxicity. Aluminum exposure is closely related to neurodegenerative diseases (ND), in which neuroinflammation might involve. However, the molecular mechanism of aluminum-induced neuroinflammation through pyroptosis is not fully clarified yet. null Material and methods null The mice model of subacute exposure to aluminum chloride (AlCl3) was established. BV2 microglia cells was treated with AlCl3 in vitro....
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#1Bin Sun (P&G: Procter & Gamble)
#2Bowen Huang (P&G: Procter & Gamble)
Last. Stefan Pfuhler (P&G: Procter & Gamble)H-Index: 25
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Abstract null null Safety assessment of botanical materials often reveals genotoxicity data gaps. However, there are no harmonized regulatory genotoxicity testing approaches for botanical materials. Furthermore, literature genotoxicity testing reports often lack clear definition of the botanical materials (genus species, plant part, etc.) and/or analytical characterization. Here, upon a review of available regulatory testing batteries for botanicals, the authors conclude that an in vitro 2-test ...
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