On-cell saturation transfer difference NMR for the identification of FimH ligands and inhibitors

Published on Jul 1, 2021in Bioorganic Chemistry4.831
· DOI :10.1016/J.BIOORG.2021.104876
Alessandro Palmioli14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Paola Sperandeo18
Estimated H-index: 18
+ 2 AuthorsCristina Airoldi26
Estimated H-index: 26
Sources
Abstract
Abstract We describe the development of an on-cell NMR method for the rapid screening of FimH ligands and the structural identification of ligand binding epitopes. FimH is a mannose-binding bacterial adhesin expressed at the apical end of type 1 pili of uropathogenic bacterial strains and responsible for their d -mannose sensitive adhesion to host mammalian epithelial cells. Because of these properties, FimH is a key virulence factor and an attractive therapeutic target for urinary tract infection. We prepared synthetic d -mannose decorated dendrimers, we tested their ability to prevent the FimH-mediated yeast agglutination, and thus we used the compounds showing the best inhibitory activity as models of FimH multivalent ligands to set up our NMR methodology. Our experimental protocol, based on on-cell STD NMR techniques, is a suitable tool for the screening and the epitope mapping of FimH ligands aimed at the development of new antiadhesive and diagnostic tools against urinary tract infection pathogens. Notably, the study is carried out in a physiological environment, i.e. at the surface of living pathogen cells expressing FimH.
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During their lifetime almost half of women will experience a symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) with a further half experiencing a relapse within six months. Currently UTIs are treated with antibiotics, but increasing antibiotic resistance rates highlight the need for new treatments. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is responsible for the majority of symptomatic UTI cases and thus has become a key pathological target. Adhesion of type one pilus subunit FimH at the surface of UPEC str...
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Saturation-transfer difference (STD) NMR spectroscopy is a fast and versatile method which can be applied for drug-screening purposes, allowing the determination of essential ligand binding affinities (KD). Although widely employed to study soluble proteins, its use remains negligible for membrane proteins. Here the use of STD NMR for KD determination is demonstrated for two competing substrates with very different binding affinities (low nanomolar to millimolar) for an integral membrane transpo...
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