PTSD, but not history of mTBI, is associated with altered myelin in combat-exposed Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans.

Published on Mar 16, 2020in Clinical Neuropsychologist2.232
· DOI :10.1080/13854046.2020.1730975
Amy J. Jak38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego),
Sarah M. Jurick8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 8 AuthorsKatherine J. Bangen29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Sources
Abstract
AbstractObjective: To investigate the biological, cognitive, and psychological presentations of combat-exposed Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and/or posttraumatic str...
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Importance Most traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are classified as mild (mTBI) based on admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 13 to 15. The prevalence of persistent functional limitations for these patients is unclear. Objectives To characterize the natural history of recovery of daily function following mTBI vs peripheral orthopedic traumatic injury in the first 12 months postinjury using data from the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) stud...
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Abstract Multicomponent driven equilibrium steady-state observation of T1 and T2 (mcDESPOT) aims to quantify the Myelin Water Fraction (MWF) using a two-pool microstructural model. The MWF has been used to track neurodevelopment and neurodegeneration and has been histologically correlated to myelin content. mcDESPOT has a clinically feasible acquisition time and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) relative to other MWF techniques. However, disagreement exists in the literature between experimental ...
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly prevalent comorbid conditions in military Veterans. However, lack of appropriate comparison groups has clouded interpretation of the chronic effects of these conditions. The present study evaluated the neuropsychological, psychiatric/neurobehavioral, and functional outcomes associated with mTBI and PTSD in a well-characterized sample of combat-exposed Veterans.Method: Participants include...
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Introduction: Over 70% of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are classified as mild (mTBI), which present heterogeneously. Associations between preinjury comorbidities and outcomes are not well-understood, and understanding their status as risk factors may improve mTBI management and prognostication. Methods: mTBI subjects (GCS 13-15) from TRACK-TBI Pilot completing 3- and 6-month functional (Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE)) and postconcussive outcomes (Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) physic...
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AbstractObjective: As part of routine care at Veterans Affairs facilities, veterans with a service-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) are administered a self-report post-concussive symptom measure, the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI). Interpreting the NSI can be problematic given that over-reporting on self-report measures is often found in both civilian and military patient populations. This study investigates embedded scales on the NSI that identify possible and probable symptom exag...
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Objective To better concurrently address emotional and neuropsychological symptoms common in veterans with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), we integrated components of compensatory cognitive training from the Cognitive Symptom Management and Rehabilitation Therapy (CogSMART) programme into cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD to create a hybrid treatment, SMART-CPT (CogSMART+CPT). This study compared the efficacy of standard CPT w...
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ABSTRACTObjective: The objective of this study is to assess utility of in vivo myelin imaging in combat Veterans with and without history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We hypothesized that those with history of mTBI would have lower myelin water fraction (MWF), a marker of myelin integrity and content, than those without, and lower MWF would be associated with worse speeded attention/processing speed.Research design: Combat Veterans (N = 70) with (n = 42) and without history of mTBI (n ...
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OBJECTIVEMild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in athletes, including concussion, is increasingly being found to have long-term sequelae. Current imaging techniques have not been able to identify early damage caused by mTBI that is predictive of long-term symptoms or chronic traumatic encephalopathy. In this preliminary feasibility study, the authors investigated the use of an emerging magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, multicomponent driven equilibrium single pulse observation of T1 and T...
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Alterations in myelin, the protective and insulating sheath surrounding axons, affect brain function, as is evident in demyelinating diseases where the loss of myelin leads to cognitive and motor dysfunction. Recent evidence suggests that changes in myelination, including both hyper- and hypo-myelination, may also play a role in numerous neurological and psychiatric diseases. Protecting myelin and promoting remyelination is thus crucial for a wide range of disorders. Oligodendrocytes (OLs) are t...
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#2J. Don RichardsonH-Index: 16
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Abstract Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating mental health condition that develops in response to exposure to a traumatic event. The purpose of this study was to investigate white matter differences using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in trauma exposed military personnel with and without PTSD. Methods Data were acquired in compliance with the Hospital for Sick Children and Canadian Armed Forces Research Ethics Boards for the following groups: military personnel wi...
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine rates of and relationships between “post-concussive” symptom endorsement and symptom attribution in Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). This cross-sectional, exploratory study included 48 combat-exposed Iraq/Afghanistan Veterans with remote history of mTBI. All Veterans completed clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires assessing sociodemographic factors, injury and combat-related variables, psychiatric distre...
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Objective: The military has a long history with neuropsychology and its precursors. From developing intelligence tests during World War I, to developing early capacity and personality assessments d...
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