Exosomes derived from platelet-rich plasma activate YAP and promote the fibrogenic activity of Müller cells via the PI3K/Akt pathway

Published on Apr 1, 2020in Experimental Eye Research3.011
· DOI :10.1016/J.EXER.2020.107973
Wei Zhang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tianjin Medical University),
Hao Jiang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Tianjin Medical University)
+ 0 AuthorsYichun Kong4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Tianjin Medical University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of exosomes derived from platelet-rich plasma (PRP-Exos) in the regulation of the fibrogenic activity of Muller cells and the underlying mechanism. We studied the effects of PRP-Exos on the fibrogenic activity of human retinal Muller cells (hMCs) in vitro. PRP-Exos were isolated from the plasma of diabetic rats (DM-PRP-Exos) and normal control rats (Nor-PRP-Exos) and then observed by transmission electron microscopy. After treatment with DM-PRP-Exos or Nor-PRP-Exos, the proliferation and migration of hMCs were measured in vitro. Western blotting was conducted to assess the levels of fibrogenic molecules and activation of Yes-associated protein (YAP) and the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway. In cultured hMCs, DM-PRP-Exos but not Nor-PRP-Exos effectively increased the proliferative and migratory activities and improved connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and fibronectin expression. Genetic and pharmacological suppression of YAP could reduce the proliferative and migratory activities of hMCs induced by DM-PRP-Exo. Additionally, YAP knockdown inhibited the DM-PRP-Exo-induced up-regulation of CTGF and fibronectin. Furthermore, DM-PRP-Exo-induced PI3K-Akt signalling mediated YAP activation and the expression of CTGF and fibronectin. In summary, DM-PRP-Exos, through YAP activation, enhance both the proliferation and fibrogenic activity of Muller cells via the PI3K/Akt pathway.
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