Reduced Iron in Diabetic Wounds: An Oxidative Stress-Dependent Role for STEAP3 in Extracellular Matrix Deposition and Remodeling

Published on Jun 7, 2019in Journal of Investigative Dermatology7.143
· DOI :10.1016/J.JID.2019.05.014
Holly N. Wilkinson8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Hull York Medical School),
Sophie E. Upson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Hull York Medical School)
+ 3 AuthorsMatthew J. Hardman34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Hull York Medical School)
Sources
Abstract
Iron is crucial for maintaining normal bodily function with well-documented roles in erythropoiesis, hemostasis, and inflammation. Despite this, little is known about the temporal regulation of iron during wound healing, or how iron contributes to wound biology and pathology. In this study, we profiled tissue iron levels across a healing time-course, identifying iron accumulation during late-stage repair. Diabetic murine wounds displayed significantly reduced iron levels, delayed extracellular matrix deposition, and dysregulation of iron gene expression. In vitro studies revealed important cellular roles for iron, promoting both the deposition and remodeling of extracellular proteins. Functional studies identified oxidative stress-dependent upregulation of the iron-converting metalloreductase, STEAP3, as a key mediator of extracellular matrix production. Taken together, these data reveal a mechanistic role for iron in facilitating the remodeling stage of wound healing. Indeed, targeting tissue iron could be a promising future strategy to tackle the development and progression of chronic wounds.
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