Facile synthesis, characterization and enhanced catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol using NaBH 4 by undoped and Sm 3+ , Gd 3+ , Hf 3+ doped La 2 O 3 nanoparticles

Published on Apr 10, 2019in Nano Convergence2.919
· DOI :10.1186/S40580-019-0181-6
Guguloth Ravi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Osmania University),
M. Sarasija5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 2 AuthorsDongamanti Ashok9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Osmania University)
This work focuses on the synthesis of undoped and doped lanthanum oxide nanoparticles (La2O3 NPs) by a simple co-precipitation method for the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) using NaBH4 as a reducing agent. Their optical properties, morphologies, structure, chemical compositions and electronic properties were carefully characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM, PL and UV–visible absorption spectroscopy. The SEM and TEM images showed various shape morphologies and sizes of the particles. The XRD pattern revealed a polycrystalline nature with the hexagonal structure of the La2O3 NPs. The synthesized undoped and doped La2O3 NPs were also employed as catalysts for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol, it shows that the doped (Sm3+, Gd3+ and Hf3+) La2O3 NPs provided better catalytic activity than the undoped La2O3 NPs. Moreover, Hf3+ doped La2O3 NPs exhibited an enhanced catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in 90 min. The catalytic conversion was studied by UV–vis spectroscopy with high reduction rate (k = 2.048 min−1). The applications of the present study may utilize in the removal of toxic pollutants in a cleaning of environmental pollution as well as in industrial applications.
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