Evaluation of anti-biofilm and cytotoxic effect of a gel formulation with Pluronic F-127 and silver nanoparticles as a potential treatment for skin wounds

Published on Nov 1, 2018in Materials Science and Engineering: C5.88
· DOI :10.1016/J.MSEC.2018.07.023
Elizabeth Alvarado-Gomez4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí),
Gabriel Alejandro Martínez-Castañón19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí)
+ 3 AuthorsFidel Martinez-Gutierrez13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí)
Abstract The skin wounds cause serious burden to healthcare systems. The lack of sterility of the innate barrier function of the skin facilitates the development of microbial communities within the wound environment especially in biofilm form. Since biofilm is difficult to eradicate, new treatments have been established, such as silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), which antimicrobial and anti-biofilm properties have been studied, nevertheless, their toxic effects are known too. Different concentrations of AgNPs stabilized with a biocompatible and thermo-reversible vehicle as hydrogel Pluronic F-127 were synthesized, those formulations presented interesting thermo-reversibility which could be used to apply on wounds. The formulations (Gel 62.5, 125, and 250 ppm of AgNPs) proposed in this study showed in vitro a total inhibition of clinical strains (Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) in planktonic form, as well as, anti-biofilm activity was archived with the formulation of Gel 250 ppm, a total inhibition of biofilm formation with mixed culture was registered in the first 30 min of biofilm growth; even more, the viability of human fibroblasts with all gels formulations was >95%, in contrast to silver sulfadiazine cream 1% which showed the highest cytotoxic effect. PF-127 gel with AgNPs could be a prophylactic treatment for skin wounds, because its activity in critical steps on biofilm formation.
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