Taking Theory to Practice: Quality Improvement for Pancreaticoduodenectomy and Development and Integration of the Fistula Risk Score.
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of The American College of Surgeons6.113
· DOI :10.1016/J.JAMCOLLSURG.2018.06.009
Background Improvements in surgical outcomes are predicated on recognizing effective practices with subsequent adaptation. It is unknown whether risk assessment for pancreatic fistula (clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula [CR-POPF]) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) translates to improved patient outcomes at the practice level. Study design A prospectively collected, single-surgeon career experience (2003 to 2018) of 455 consecutive pancreatectomies (303 PDs and 152 distal pancreatectomies) was examined. Analysis occurred during 4 eras of practice: learning curve for PD (n = 50); development of the Fistula Risk Score (n = 48); reactive, data-driven adjustments of anastomotic stent use (n = 94); and omission of prophylactic octreotide with adoption of selective drainage (n = 111). Observed to expected ratios of CR-POPF were calculated using a multi-institutional derivation set (5,379 PDs). Results After adjustment for increasing fistula risk across the 4 eras (p = 0.016), the risk-adjusted CR-POPF rate declined significantly (observed to expected ratio 1.42→1.28→1.01→0.30; p Conclusions Patient outcomes for PD can be optimized by risk-adjusted evaluation and deliberate modification of practice.