Cell-Based Therapy for Myocardial Dysfunction After Fontan Operation in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Published on Sep 1, 2017in Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes
· DOI :10.1016/J.MAYOCPIQO.2017.07.002
Muhammad Yasir Qureshi10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Mayo Clinic),
Allison K. Cabalka30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Mayo Clinic)
+ 16 AuthorsKaren Miller2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Myocardial dysfunction after Fontan palliation for univentricular congenital heart disease is a challenging clinical problem. The medical treatment has a limited impact, with cardiac transplant being the ultimate management step. Cell-based therapies are evolving as a new treatment for heart failure. Phase 1 clinical trials using regenerative therapeutic strategies in congenital heart disease are ongoing. We report the first case of autologous bone marrow–derived mononuclear cell administration for ventricular dysfunction, 23 years after Fontan operation in a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The cells were delivered into the coronary circulation by cardiac catheterization. Ventricular size decreased and several parameters reflecting ventricular function improved, with maximum change noted 3 months after cell delivery. Such regenerative therapeutic options may help in delaying and preventing cardiac transplant.
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