Effects of Self-Monitoring on Processing of Self-Presentation Information

Published on Jun 22, 2016in Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1027/1864-9335/A000265
James M. Tyler11
Estimated H-index: 11
Peter O. Kearns1
Estimated H-index: 1
Miranda M. McIntyre2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract. Self-monitoring is a key element in interpersonal interactions, guiding how people monitor and adjust their social behavior. Compared to low self-monitors, high self-monitors are more sensitive to and use social cues to direct their self-presentations. However, little work has examined whether high self-monitors possess a heightened capacity to cognitively process self-presentation information. The goal of the current work is to address this question. After exposure to impression-related (vs. control) words, high (vs. low) self-monitors were faster to link positive (vs. neutral) traits to the self. The results show that high self-monitors have greater cognitive access to self-presentation information, a finding that has heretofore been absent from the literature.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
43 Citations
1 Author (Sara Rahaim)
1 Author (Merel Badenhop)
#1Stella A. Bain (GCU: Glasgow Caledonian University)H-Index: 6
#2James S. Baxter (University of Strathclyde)H-Index: 12
Last. Katie Ballantyne (GCU: Glasgow Caledonian University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between self-monitoring, as a measure of attention to cues for socially appropriate behaviour, and levels of interrogative suggestibility as measured by the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale 1 (GSS 1). It was hypothesised that high self-monitors would be more sensitive to the interrogative pressure associated with the administration of these scales and would therefore gain higher suggestibility scores than low self-monitors. Forty pa...
14 CitationsSource
Theory and research on serf-monitoring have accumulated into a sizable literature on the impact of variation in the extent to which people cultivate public appearances in diverse domains of social functioning. Yet self-monitoring and its measure, the Self-Monitoring Scale, are surrounded by controversy generated by conflicting answers to the critical question, Is self-monitoring a unitary phenomenon? A primary source of answers to this question has been largely negleeted---4he Self-Monitoring Sc...
580 CitationsSource
#1Nalini Ambady (Harvard University)H-Index: 81
#2Mark HallahanH-Index: 10
Last. Robert RosenthalH-Index: 121
view all 3 authors...
This research examined the role of personality, nonverbal skills, and gender as moderators ofjudging and being judged accurately in zero-acquaintance situations. Unacquainted participants, assembled in groups, completed a battery of personality tests, took 2 audiovisual tests (the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity [PONS] and the Interpersonal Perception Task [IPT]) intended to assess decoding skills and then rated themselves and every other person in the group on a set of personality dimensions. ...
310 CitationsSource
High and low serf-monitors tasted and evaluated a sample of cheese. Some participants were led to believe that the cheese was made in France, whereas others were led to believe that it was made in Kansas. In addition, the taste of the cheese was varied. For some, the cheese was relatively pleasant tasting; for others, it was less so. High self-monitors' evaluations were a function of country of origin. Regardless of its actual taste, high self-monitors evaluated the cheese more favorably when th...
29 CitationsSource
#1Mark Costanzo (CMC: Claremont McKenna College)H-Index: 12
#2Dane ArcherH-Index: 11
This paper describes the validation of the Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT), a new method for studying the process of social perception. The IPT is a videotape consisting of 30 scenes. Each scene is paired with a multiple-choice question about the interaction depicted in the scene. All scenes contain full-channel sequences of unscripted behavior and employ an objective criterion of accurate judgment. Five common types of social interaction are represented: status, intimacy, kinship, competiti...
224 CitationsSource
#1Sarah E. Hampson (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 63
#2Lewis R. Goldberg (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 77
Last. Oliver P. John (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 88
view all 3 authors...
Forty-five British adults rated 573 person-descriptive terms on category breadth (defined as the diversity of behavioural referents of a trait) and social desirability. These values are presented here, along with American values where available. The British ratings proved highly reliable, and they correlated substantially with the American values, thus demonstrating the generalizability of category-breadth judgements between these two cultures and the stability of the social-desirability values ...
101 CitationsSource
Two experiments demonstrated an increase in socially desirable responding in the presence of affectladen stimuli. Subjects responded "me" or "not me" to trait adjectives presented on a microcomputer. Affect was manipulated by pairing each trait adjective with a distractor word presented nearby. Some distractors were affect-laden (e.g., sex, blood); others were innocuous (e.g., station, lake). In Study I, some trait adjectives were positive traits and others were neutral. Results showed that endo...
146 CitationsSource
#1Mark SnyderH-Index: 102
#2Steve Gangestad (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 8
An extensive network of empirical relations has been identified in research on the psychological construct of self-monitoring. Nevertheless, in recent years some concerns have been expressed about the instrument used for the assessment of self-monitoring propensities, the Self-Monitoring Scale. Both the extent to which the measure taps an interpretable and meaningful causal variable and the extent to which the self-monitoring construct provides an appropriate theoretical understanding of this ca...
890 CitationsSource
#1John A. Bargh (York University)H-Index: 101
#2Ronald N. BondH-Index: 2
Last. Mary E. TotaH-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
An electrochemical cell with a porous electrode is constructed with a shallow electrolyte bed and a small gap between electrodes to provide a decreased tendency to flood the porous electrode. The cell is useful in electrochemical conversions, particularly electrofluorination.
529 CitationsSource
#1William IckesH-Index: 64
#2Susan M. ReidheadH-Index: 2
Last. Miles L. PattersonH-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Although both Machiavellianism (Christie & Geis, 1970) and self-monitoring (Snyder, 1974) are characterized by the use of effective impression management, previous research has indicated that the scales measuring the two traits are not significantly correlated. One explanation for the divergence of these dimensions is that Machiavellianism is associated with a self-oriented, “assimilative” form of impression management, whereas self-monitoring is associated with an other-oriented, “accommodative...
110 CitationsSource
Cited By8
#1Nadine Khair (American University of Madaba)H-Index: 1
#2Elizabeth Lloyd-Parkes (UNSW: University of New South Wales)
Last. Jonathan Deacon (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
This study explores Jordanian women’s preferences for foreign over local clothing brands through exploring perceptions of COO image. An ethnographic approach has been utilized, consisting of 3 data...
#1Kory Floyd (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 43
Few communication behaviors are more consequential to the development and maintenance of close relationships than the expression of affection. Indeed, people often use affectionate gestures to initiate or accelerate relationship development. In contrast, the absence of affection in established relationships frequently coincides with relational deterioration. This text explores the scientific research on affection exchange that has emerged from the disciplines of communication, social and clinica...
1 Citations
2 CitationsSource
#1Kory Floyd (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 43
#1Kory Floyd (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 43
#1Katherine E. Adams (Purdue University)H-Index: 2
#2James M. Tyler (Purdue University)H-Index: 11
We reasoned that high self-monitors’ responses may be influenced by the characteristic traits and behaviors associated with social roles. Results across four studies confirmed expectations. The findings from Experiments 1, 2, and 3 demonstrated that exposure to a particular role (e.g., nurse) led high self-monitors to respond in a manner consistent with the relevant role. Results from Experiment 4 showed that the effect found in the first three experiments was attenuated when the behavioral guid...
#1Natalia Volkova (HSE: National Research University – Higher School of Economics)H-Index: 1
#2Vera Chiker (SPbU: Saint Petersburg State University)H-Index: 2
2 CitationsSource