Bias Blind Spot: Structure, Measurement, and Consequences

Published on Oct 1, 2015in Management Science3.935
· DOI :10.1287/MNSC.2014.2096
Irene Scopelliti8
Estimated H-index: 8
(City University London),
Carey K. Morewedge27
Estimated H-index: 27
(BU: Boston University)
+ 3 AuthorsKarim S. Kassam17
Estimated H-index: 17
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Sources
Abstract
People exhibit a bias blind spot: they are less likely to detect bias in themselves than in others. We report the development and validation of an instrument to measure individual differences in the propensity to exhibit the bias blind spot that is unidimensional, internally consistent, has high test-retest reliability, and is discriminated from measures of intelligence, decision-making ability, and personality traits related to self-esteem, self-enhancement, and self-presentation. The scale is predictive of the extent to which people judge their abilities to be better than average for easy tasks and worse than average for difficult tasks, ignore the advice of others, and are responsive to an intervention designed to mitigate a different judgmental bias. These results suggest that the bias blind spot is a distinct metabias resulting from naive realism rather than other forms of egocentric cognition, and has unique effects on judgment and behavior. This paper was accepted by Yuval Rottenstreich, judgment and decision making.
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