Current maternal depression moderates the relation between critical expressed emotion in mothers and depressive symptoms in their adolescent daughters.

Published on Jun 30, 2015in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging2.376
· DOI :10.1016/J.PSYCHRES.2015.03.027
William Mellick7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UH: University of Houston),
Allison Kalpakci7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UH: University of Houston),
Carla Sharp59
Estimated H-index: 59
(UH: University of Houston)
Prior studies have examined critical expressed emotion (EE-Crit) in mothers in the intergenerational transmission of depression. However, the potential moderating effect of maternal depression diagnostic status in relation to EE-Crit and youth depressive symptoms has yet to be determined. A total of N¼121 biological mother/daughter dyads that differed in maternal depression diagnostic status were recruited for the present study: (1) currently depressed mothers (current depression, n¼29); (2) formerly depressed mothers (past depression, n¼39); and (3) mothers free from any psychiatric history (healthy controls, n¼53). Mothers were administered structured clinical interviews and completed self-report measures of EE-Crit and psychopathology, and daughters self-reported depressive symptoms. Results indicated no significant group differences in EE-Crit; however, current maternal depression status moderated EE-Crit such that the magnitude of the relation between EE-Crit and adolescent depressive symptoms was significantly greater in daughters of currently depressed mothers. These findings highlight the importance of considering current maternal depression, rather than a history of maternal depression, in relation to EE-Crit and adolescent depressive symptoms, providing impetus for future investigations.
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