Current maternal depression moderates the relation between critical expressed emotion in mothers and depressive symptoms in their adolescent daughters.

Published on Jun 30, 2015in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging2.376
· DOI :10.1016/J.PSYCHRES.2015.03.027
William Mellick7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UH: University of Houston),
Allison Kalpakci7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UH: University of Houston),
Carla Sharp59
Estimated H-index: 59
(UH: University of Houston)
Sources
Abstract
Prior studies have examined critical expressed emotion (EE-Crit) in mothers in the intergenerational transmission of depression. However, the potential moderating effect of maternal depression diagnostic status in relation to EE-Crit and youth depressive symptoms has yet to be determined. A total of N¼121 biological mother/daughter dyads that differed in maternal depression diagnostic status were recruited for the present study: (1) currently depressed mothers (current depression, n¼29); (2) formerly depressed mothers (past depression, n¼39); and (3) mothers free from any psychiatric history (healthy controls, n¼53). Mothers were administered structured clinical interviews and completed self-report measures of EE-Crit and psychopathology, and daughters self-reported depressive symptoms. Results indicated no significant group differences in EE-Crit; however, current maternal depression status moderated EE-Crit such that the magnitude of the relation between EE-Crit and adolescent depressive symptoms was significantly greater in daughters of currently depressed mothers. These findings highlight the importance of considering current maternal depression, rather than a history of maternal depression, in relation to EE-Crit and adolescent depressive symptoms, providing impetus for future investigations.
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#1Carla Sharp (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 59
#2Sohye Kim (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 16
Last. Lane Strathearn (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 32
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Prior research has identified reduced reward-related brain activation as a promising endophenotype for the early identification of adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it is unclear whether reduced reward-related brain activation constitutes a true vulnerability for MDD. One way of studying vulnerability is through a high-risk design. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to determine whether reward-related activation of the ventral striatum is reduced in nondepressed...
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#2Christine Barrowclough (University of Manchester)H-Index: 64
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Purpose To evaluate the contribution of positive affect in the family environment to relapse in first episode psychosis.
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Theories of cognitive vulnerability to depression (CVD) imply that CVD is early-emerging and trait-like; however, little longitudinal work has tested this premise in middle childhood, or examined theoretically relevant predictors of child CVD. We examined test–retest correlations of self-referent encoding task performance and self-reported attributional styles and their associations with parental characteristics in 205 seven-year-olds. At baseline, child CVD was assessed, structured clinical int...
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#2Tim Croudace (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 62
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Background A ruminative style of responding to low mood is associated with subsequent high depressive symptoms and depressive disorder in children, adolescents and adults. Scores on self-report rumination scales correlate strongly with scores on anxiety and depression symptom scales. This may confound any associations between rumination and subsequent depression.
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#1Katie L. Burkhouse (Binghamton University)H-Index: 16
#2Dorothy J. Uhrlass (Binghamton University)H-Index: 10
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The primary goal of the current study was to examine the impact of maternal criticism (expressed emotion-criticism; EE-Crit) on the prospective development of depressive episodes in children. In addition to examining baseline levels of EE-Crit, we also sought to determine whether distinct subgroups (latent classes) of mothers could be identified based on the levels of EE-Crit they exhibited over a multiwave assessment and whether that latent class membership would predict depression onset in chi...
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Interest in commonly co-occurring depression and disruptive behavior disorders in children has yielded a small body of research that estimates the prevalence of this comorbid condition and compares children with the comorbid condition and children with depression or disruptive behavior disorders alone with respect to antecedents and outcomes. Prior studies have used one of two different approaches to measure comorbid disorders: 1) meeting criteria for two DSM or ICD diagnoses or 2) scoring .5 SD...
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Abstract High expressed emotion (EE) as measured by the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) predicts the course of eating disorders (ED). Despite its important contribution to the field, the CFI has two major limitations; it is time-consuming and it does not consider the patient's perspective. Obtaining the patient's view may help shed light on the dyadic nature of caregiver's EE and the patient's illness course. The objectives of our study of 77 patients with ED were to develop further a brief me...
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Background: In previous studies, maternal expressed emotion (EE) has been found to be a good predictor of the course of adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms. However, these studies have been cross-section as opposed to longitudinal. The goal of this study is to examine longitudinal data of perceived maternal EE and adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms to determine if maternal EE affected the course of adolescent symptoms (a parent effect model), or if the course of ...
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Context Deficits in reward processing and their neural correlates have been associated with major depression. However, it is unclear if these deficits precede the onset of depression or are a consequence of this disorder. Objective To determine whether anomalous neural processing of reward characterizes children at familial risk for depression in the absence of a personal history of diagnosable disorder. Design Comparison of neural activity among children at low and high risk for depression as t...
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Across development, maternal depression has been found to be a risk factor for youth psychopathology generally and youth depression specifically. Maternal Expressed Emotion (EE) has been examined as a predictor of outcome among youth with depression. The present study explored the associations between youth psychopathology and two predictors–maternal depression within the child’s lifetime and maternal EE–in a study of children at risk for depression. One hundred and seventy-one youth, ages 8–12,...
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