The gene frpB2 of Helicobacter pylori encodes an hemoglobin-binding protein involved in iron acquisition.

Published on Apr 9, 2009in Biometals2.479
· DOI :10.1007/S10534-009-9240-5
Marco Antonio González-López4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UACM: Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México),
José de Jesús Olivares-Trejo13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UACM: Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México)
Human hemoglobin (Hb) is a metalloprotein used by pathogens as a source of iron during invasive process. It can support the Helicobacter pylori growth and several proteins are induced during iron starvation. However, the identity of those proteins remains unknown. In this work, by in silico analysis we identified FrpB2 in H. pylori genome. This protein was annotated as an iron-regulated outer membrane protein. Multiple amino acid alignment showed the motifs necessary for Hb-binding. We demonstrate the ability of FrpB2 to bind Hb by overlay experiments. In addition, the overexpression of this gene allowed the cell growth in media without free iron but supplemented with Hb. All these results support the idea that frpB2 is a gene of H. pylori involved in iron acquisition when Hb is used as a sole iron source.
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