Collagen-chitosan polymeric scaffolds for the in vitro culture of human epidermoid carcinoma cells.

Published on Jan 1, 2001in Biomaterials10.317
· DOI :10.1016/S0142-9612(00)00220-9
N Shanmugasundaram1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CLRI: Central Leather Research Institute),
P Ravichandran3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CLRI: Central Leather Research Institute)
+ 3 AuthorsK. Panduranga Rao13
Estimated H-index: 13
(CLRI: Central Leather Research Institute)
Abstract A biodegradable polymer scaffold was developed using collagen and chitosan, in the form of interpenetrating polymeric network (IPN), for in vitro culture of human epidermoid carcinoma cells (HEp-2, Cincinnati). Glutaraldehyde was used as cross-linking agent for the development of scaffold. Various types of scaffolds were prepared using different proportionate mixtures of collagen and chitosan solutions in the ratio of 3:7, 4:6, 5:5, 6:4 and 7:3 (collagen:chitosan). These scaffolds were fully characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Equilibrium swelling studies were carried out in phosphate buffer of physiological pH (7.4) to study its swelling characteristics at slightly alkaline pH. The scaffold that showed optimum swelling property was selected as the best scaffold for performing in vitro culture studies. In vitro culture studies were carried out using HEp-2 cells, over the selected scaffold and its growth morphology was determined through optical photographs taken at different magnifications at various days of culture. The results of the above studies suggest that the scaffolds prepared from collagen and chitosan can be utilized as a substrate to culture HEp-2 cells and can also be used as an in vitro model to test anticancerous drugs.
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