Calibration-free coronary artery measurements for interventional device sizing using inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy: in vivo validation

Published on Oct 1, 2014in Journal of medical imaging
· DOI :10.1117/1.JMI.1.3.033504
Michael T. Tomkowiak6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison),
Amish N. Raval22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 2 AuthorsMichael A. Speidel11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Sources
Abstract
Proper sizing of interventional devices to match coronary vessel dimensions improves procedural efficiency and therapeutic outcomes. We have developed a method that uses an inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy system [scanning beam digital x-ray (SBDX)] to automatically determine vessel dimensions from angiograms without the need for magnification calibration or optimal views. For each frame period (1/15th of a second), SBDX acquires a sequence of narrow beam projections and performs digital tomosynthesis at multiple plane positions. A three-dimensional model of the vessel is reconstructed by localizing the depth of the vessel edges from the tomosynthesis images, and the model is used to calculate the length and diameter in units of millimeters. The in vivo algorithm performance was evaluated in a healthy porcine model by comparing end-diastolic length and diameter measurements from SBDX to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), respectively. The length error was − 0.49 ± 1.76 mm (SBDX – CCTA, mean ± 1 SD ). The diameter error was 0.07 ± 0.27 mm (SBDX − minimum IVUS diameter, mean ± 1 SD ). The in vivo agreement between SBDX-based vessel sizing and gold standard techniques supports the feasibility of calibration-free coronary vessel sizing using inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy.
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