ETHNOBOTANICAL AND SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS OF MALVA SYLVESTRIS L.: A MILLENNIAL HERBAL MEDICINE

Published on Feb 1, 2012in Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology2.571
· DOI :10.1111/J.2042-7158.2011.01383.X
João Cleverson Gasparetto9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Cleverson Antonio Ferreira Martins4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 2 AuthorsRoberto Pontarolo24
Estimated H-index: 24
Sources
Abstract
Objectives Malva sylvestris L., known as common mallow, is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. In the Mediterranean region, this species has a long history of use as food, and due to its therapeutic relevance, some parts of this plant have been employed in traditional and ethnoveterinary medicines. The leaves in particular have been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-complementary, anticancer and skin tissue integrity activity. Additionally, an anti-ulcerogenic effect was recently proven, demonstrating that the aqueous extract was more effective than cimetidine, a potent medicine used to treat gastric ulcers. Due to its wide use and medicinal importance, many studies have been conducted; however, the information in the literature is very extensive and disseminated, making it difficult to use. Key findings  A complete review involving the ethnobotanical and scientific aspects of M. sylvestris has been made. The research has provided evidence that M. sylvestris has potential use as a medicinal plant and has highlighted a need for more studies involving clinical and toxicological aspects of its use. Summary  This review can contribute to the field with its historical context, and by describing the progress made, new ideas for researchers can arise.
Figures & Tables
Download
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
183 Citations
44 Citations
356 Citations
References137
Newest
#1Regina Karousou (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 17
#2Stephania Deirmentzoglou (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 1
Abstract Aim of the study Directive 2004/24/EC sets the frame for the herbal trade in Europe emphasizing the need of the botanical characterization of herbal substances intended for human consumption. Thus, the aim of the present study is to survey and identify taxonomically the herbs sold in the market of Cyprus and to document and evaluate their uses. Moreover, the relationship of the nowadays market to the local ethnobotanical tradition, as well as to other eastern Mediterranean markets (i.e....
33 CitationsSource
#1Sheyla Rehecho (University of Navarra)H-Index: 7
#2Inigo Uriarte-Pueyo (University of Navarra)H-Index: 4
Last. María Isabel Calvo (University of Navarra)H-Index: 25
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Aim of the study To collect, analyze and evaluate the ethnopharmacologic knowledge in Nor-Yauyos in order to protect it. This paper reports the results of an ethnopharmacological survey on the uses of medicinal plants by inhabitants of the Andean region Nor-Yauyos, Peru. In this region one surviving ethnic group, the Jaqaru-Quichuas, has been identified. Methodology Field work was concluded between October 1999 and March 2000, using semi-structured questionnaire and participant observat...
55 CitationsSource
#1Eskandar ZandH-Index: 17
#2M. A. BaghestaniH-Index: 10
Last. Somayyeh Forouzesh (UT: University of Tehran)H-Index: 1
view all 10 authors...
Experiments were conducted in 2006-2007 at six research stations of the Iranian Plant Protection Research Institute to study the efficacy of different herbicides to control weeds in wheat. Treatments included mesosulfuron-methyl plus iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium plus mefenpyr-diethyl (WG) at 45 + 45 + 135 g. a.i./ha, respectively, sulfosulfuron at 21, 31.5, 42 and 51 g. a.i./ha, chlorsulfuron at 15 g. a.i./ha, bromoxynil plus MCPA at 600 g. a.i./ha with clodinafop propargyl at 64 g. a.i./ha, sulfo...
17 CitationsSource
#1Sardar Khan (UoP: University of Peshawar)H-Index: 37
#2Shafiq ur Rehman (UoP: University of Peshawar)H-Index: 22
Last. M. Tahir Shah (UoP: University of Peshawar)H-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
This study was conducted to investigate the concentrations of heavy metals in soil and vegetables, and human health risks through ingestion of contaminated vegetables. Soil and vegetable samples were collected from different locations in Gilgit, northern Pakistan, and analyzed for Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn. Plant transfer factors (PTF), daily intake of metals (DIM) and health risk index (HRI) were also calculated. The concentrations of Cd, Cu and Zn exceeded their respective permissible limits in so...
295 CitationsSource
#1José Antonio González (University of Salamanca)H-Index: 10
#2Mónica García-Barriuso (University of Salamanca)H-Index: 7
Last. Francisco Amich (University of Salamanca)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Aim of the study: We studied traditional knowledge (TK) and current uses of medicinal plants among the inhabitants of the Arribes del Duero–ARD–(Spain), documenting traditional medical practices. Materials and methods: We interviewed 80 key informants (44 men and 36 women). Their average age was 72 years (range 48–98 years). We calculated the cultural importance for each species cited. To analyze how TK varies with the characteristics of the different informants, we performed an ANCOVA, taking t...
138 CitationsSource
#1Neil Willey (University of the West of England)H-Index: 16
#2S.. Tang (NKU: Nankai University)H-Index: 1
Last. S.. Hicks (University of the West of England)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Assessments of the behaviour of 99Tc in terrestrial environments necessitate predicting soil-to-plant transfer. An experiment with 116 plant taxa showed that 99Tc transfer to plants was positively related to plant dry weight but negatively related to % dry matter and age at exposure. Activities of 99Tc analysed by hierarchical ANOVA coded with an angiosperm phylogeny revealed significant effects, with 55% of the variance between species explained at the Ordinal level and above. Monocots had sign...
4 CitationsSource
#1Broza Šarić-Kundalić (University of Vienna)H-Index: 3
#2Christoph Dobeš (University of Vienna)H-Index: 21
Last. Johannes Saukel (University of Vienna)H-Index: 14
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Aim of the study The results of an ethnobotanical study on the use of wild and cultivated plants in middle, west and south Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkan Peninsula; Southeast Europe) carried out in the years 2006–2009 are presented. Despite the country's extraordinary high plant diversity with about 3600 known species of vascular plants, plant usage in traditional medicine remained largely unexplored in the past. The purpose of this study was the systematic collection of informa...
160 CitationsSource
#1Joyce Mendes Andrade Pinto (UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras)H-Index: 2
#2Elaine Aparecida de Souza (UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras)H-Index: 12
Last. Denilson F. Oliveira (UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Three hundred (300) methanol extracts of barks, leaves, flowers and stems of 200 plant species from Alto Rio Grande and Vale do Sao Francisco regions, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were prepared and submitted to an in vitro growth test with the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, causal agent of anthracnose in common bean. Extracts from 13 plant species (Astronium fraxinifolium, Inga marginata, Malva sylvestris, Matayba elaeagnoides, Miconia argyrophylla, Myrcia fallax, Ocimum gratissimum, Or...
27 CitationsSource
#1Silvia Akerreta (University of Navarra)H-Index: 12
#2María Isabel Calvo (University of Navarra)H-Index: 25
Last. Rita Yolanda Cavero (University of Navarra)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Aim of the study To collect, analyze and evaluate the ethnoveterinary knowledge about medicinal plants in a northern Iberian region (Navarra, 10,421 km 2 , 620,377 inhabitants). Methodology Field work was conducted between 2003 and 2007, using semi-structured questionnaire and participant observation as well as transects walks in wild herbal plant collection areas. We performed semi-structured interviews with 667 informants (mean age 72; 55.47% women, 44.53% men) in 265 locations, ident...
79 CitationsSource
#1Marco Leonti (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 27
#2Stefano Cabras (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 17
Last. Laura Casu (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Aim of the study Plant use has been the subject of many codices, documents and books and still is the subject of many scientific articles, trivial books and brochures. These texts, both historical and recent, exert a strong influence on local plant use, a means of knowledge transmission in particular European studies neglect to consider. Therefore, we determine the causal influence of historical texts on present medicinal plant knowledge using the example of Matthioli (1568) and contemp...
83 CitationsSource
Cited By92
Newest
Last. Gioacchino Calapai (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 41
view all 8 authors...
BACKGROUND Acute cough in children often causes discomfort to children and parents, reducing their quality of life. Despite the extensive utilization of over-the-counter remedies for cough, the efficacy of most of these treatments in children has not been confirmed. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 106 children with acute cough to evaluate the efficacy and safety of KalobaTUSS®, a paediatric cough syrup based on acacia honey and on Malva sylve...
Source
Source
#1M. BottoniH-Index: 2
#2Fabrizia MilaniH-Index: 1
Last. Gelsomina FicoH-Index: 21
view all 8 authors...
Source
#1Arash Almasian (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Farhood NajafiH-Index: 5
Last. Mahnaz Khanavi (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 6
view all 6 authors...
Abstract In this study, new polyurethane (PU)-based nanofibers wound dressings containing Malva sylvestris extract were prepared and their effect on diabetic wound healing process was evaluated. Different amounts of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) were used to improve the absorption ability of wound exudates. The result showed that the usage of 20% w/w CMC in the polymer blend; and producing of nanofibers with an average diameter of 386.5 nm, led to the gradual release of the herbal compound in 85...
7 CitationsSource
#1Aline Silva Braga (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 3
#2Leticia Lobo de Melo Simas (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 1
Last. Ana Carolina Magalhães (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 32
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Objective This study evaluated the antibiofilm and anti-caries effects of an experimental mouth rinse containing aqueous extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. Methods Microcosm biofilm was produced on bovine enamel, from pooled human saliva mixed with McBain saliva, under 0.2 % sucrose exposure, for 5 days. The biofilm was daily treated using (1 mL/1 min): Vochysia tucanorum Mart. (2.5 mg/mL); Myrcia bella Cambess. (1.25 mg/mL); Matricaria chamomilla L. (20 mg/mL); Malva sylvestris (Malva...
1 CitationsSource
The Malva genus contains species that reveal therapeutic properties and are mostly important in medicine and the functional food industry. Its breeding, cultivation, and utilization are based on proper germplasm/plant identification, which is difficult using morphological features. For this reason, we applied flow cytometry and inter simple sequence repeat polymerase chain reaction (ISSR-PCR) for fast and accurate species identification. Genome size estimation by flow cytometry was proposed as t...
Source
#1Daniel Petrič (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Dominika Mravčáková (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
Last. Zora Váradyová (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
view all 8 authors...
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dry medicinal plants (wormwood, chamomile, fumitory and mallow) and dietary substrates containing a mix of the plants on the end products of in vitro ruminal and intestinal fermentation, rumen protozoan population and ruminal antioxidant capacity of sheep. The experiment consisted of fermentations with the four plants used individually as the sole substrate and fermentation of a mix of medicinal plants (Plants): meadow hay:barley grain (...
4 CitationsSource
#1Javad Sharifi-Rad (Zabol University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 31
#2Guiomar Melgar-Lalanne (Universidad Veracruzana)H-Index: 5
Last. Natália Martins (University of Porto)H-Index: 26
view all 16 authors...
Malvaceae family is typical from the Mediterranean region, contains 240 genera and more than 4,200 species. They are most commonly used as ornamental plants, although they can also be conceived as a food resource and remedy for various diseases, such as digestive, respiratory, genitourinary, throat infections, and skeletal and skin disorders, as also injuries where they are profoundly applied for skin care and as antiseptic and demulcent. They also possess diuretic, lenitive, spasmolytic, and la...
9 CitationsSource
#1Maria Concetta Tenuta (University of Calabria)H-Index: 1
#1Maria Concetta Tenuta (University of Calabria)H-Index: 7
Last. Rosa Tundis (University of Calabria)H-Index: 38
view all 9 authors...
This study aims at investigating the contribution of two classes of compounds, flavonoids and iridoids, to the bioactivity of Arbutus unedo L. leaves and fruits. The impact of different extraction procedures on phytochemicals content and hypoglycemic, antioxidant, and nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory activities of A. unedo fresh and dried plant materials was investigated. Ellagic acid 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside, and norbergenin were identified for the first time in this genus ...
14 CitationsSource
#1Masoud Seddighfar (UT: University of Tehran)H-Index: 1
#2Sayid Mahdi Mirghazanfari (Aja University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 3
Last. Masoumeh Dadpay (Aja University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the hydroalcoholic extracts of Malva sylvestris flowers or Carum carvi and Medicago sativa seeds, alone and in combination, which have been used in traditional Iranian medicine. Methods Male Wistar rats were divided into 6 treatment groups: distilled water, sodium salicylate (SS), M. sylvestris extract (600 mg/kg), C. carvi extract (600 mg/kg), M. sativa extract (300 mg/kg) and combined extrac...
2 CitationsSource