Plasticity and ductility in graphene oxide through a mechanochemically induced damage tolerance mechanism

Published on Aug 20, 2015in Nature Communications12.121
· DOI :10.1038/NCOMMS9029
Xiaoding Wei24
Estimated H-index: 24
(NU: Northwestern University),
Lily Mao6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NU: Northwestern University)
+ 4 AuthorsHoracio D. Espinosa75
Estimated H-index: 75
(NU: Northwestern University)
The ability to bias chemical reaction pathways is a fundamental goal for chemists and material scientists to produce innovative materials. Recently, two-dimensional materials have emerged as potential platforms for exploring novel mechanically activated chemical reactions. Here we report a mechanochemical phenomenon in graphene oxide membranes, covalent epoxide-to-ether functional group transformations that deviate from epoxide ring-opening reactions, discovered through nanomechanical experiments and density functional-based tight binding calculations. These mechanochemical transformations in a two-dimensional system are directionally dependent, and confer pronounced plasticity and damage tolerance to graphene oxide monolayers. Additional experiments on chemically modified graphene oxide membranes, with ring-opened epoxide groups, verify this unique deformation mechanism. These studies establish graphene oxide as a two-dimensional building block with highly tuneable mechanical properties for the design of high-performance nanocomposites, and stimulate the discovery of new bond-selective chemical transformations in two-dimensional materials.
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