Clinical and genetic characterization of a cohort of proteinuric patients with biallelic CUBN variants.

Published on Oct 5, 2021in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation5.992
· DOI :10.1093/NDT/GFAB285
Andrea Domingo-Gallego2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Autonomous University of Barcelona),
Marc Pybus2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Autonomous University of Barcelona)
+ 12 AuthorsElisabet Ars37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Autonomous University of Barcelona)
Background null Proteinuria is a well-known risk factor for progressive kidney impairment. Recently, C-terminal cubilin (CUBN) variants have been associated with isolated proteinuria without progression of kidney disease. null Methods null Genetic testing of 347 families with proteinuria of suspected monogenic cause was performed by next-generation sequencing of a custom-designed kidney disease gene panel. Families with CUBN biallelic proteinuria-causing variants were studied at the clinical, genetic, laboratory, and pathologic levels. null Results null Twelve families (15 patients) bearing homozygous or compound heterozygous proteinuria-causing variants in the C-terminal CUBN gene were identified, representing 3.5% of the total cohort. We identified 14 different sequence variants, five of which were novel. The median age at diagnosis of proteinuria was 4 years (range 9 months to 44 years), and in most cases proteinuria was detected incidentally. Thirteen patients had moderate-severe proteinuria at diagnosis without nephrotic syndrome. These patients showed lack of response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) treatment, normal kidney biopsy, and preservation of normal kidney function over time. The two remaining patients presented a more severe phenotype, likely caused by associated comorbidities. null Conclusions null Identification of C-terminal pathogenic CUBN variants is diagnostic of an entity characterized by glomerular proteinuria, normal kidney histology, and lack of response to ACEi/ARB treatment. This study adds evidence and increases awareness about albuminuria caused by C-terminal variants in the CUBN gene, which is a benign condition usually diagnosed in childhood with preserved renal function until adulthood.
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