A high-resolution HLA reference panel capturing global population diversity enables multi-ancestry fine-mapping in HIV host response.

Published on Oct 1, 2021in Nature Genetics38.33
· DOI :10.1038/S41588-021-00935-7
Yang Luo17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Masahiro Kanai27
Estimated H-index: 27
+ 429 AuthorsPhilip E. Stuart42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UM: University of Michigan)
Sources
Abstract
Fine-mapping to plausible causal variation may be more effective in multi-ancestry cohorts, particularly in the MHC, which has population-specific structure. To enable such studies, we constructed a large (n = 21,546) HLA reference panel spanning five global populations based on whole-genome sequences. Despite population-specific long-range haplotypes, we demonstrated accurate imputation at G-group resolution (94.2%, 93.7%, 97.8% and 93.7% in admixed African (AA), East Asian (EAS), European (EUR) and Latino (LAT) populations). Applying HLA imputation to genome-wide association study data for HIV-1 viral load in three populations (EUR, AA and LAT), we obviated effects of previously reported associations from population-specific HIV studies and discovered a novel association at position 156 in HLA-B. We pinpointed the MHC association to three amino acid positions (97, 67 and 156) marking three consecutive pockets (C, B and D) within the HLA-B peptide-binding groove, explaining 12.9% of trait variance. A high-resolution reference panel based on whole-genome sequencing data enables accurate imputation of HLA alleles across diverse populations and fine-mapping of HLA association signals for HIV-1 host response.
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#1Tatsuhiko Naito (Osaka University)H-Index: 5
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Variations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes in the major histocompatibility complex region (MHC) significantly affect the risk of various diseases, especially autoimmune diseases. Fine-mapping of causal variants in this region was challenging due to the difficulty in sequencing and its inapplicability to large cohorts. Thus, HLA imputation, a method to infer HLA types from regional single nucleotide polymorphisms, has been developed and has successfully contributed to MHC fine-mapping of v...
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