Cleaning Up after the Cold War: Experts Call for Action on Abandoned Uranium Mines on the Navajo Nation.

Published on Sep 8, 2021in Environmental Health Perspectives9.031
· DOI :10.1289/EHP9425
Nate Seltenrich12
Estimated H-index: 12
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Abstract
References6
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#1Nicole Redvers (UND: University of North Dakota)H-Index: 10
Last. Amber Lyon-Colbert (UND: University of North Dakota)H-Index: 1
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BACKGROUND Uranium contamination of drinking-water sources on American Indian (AI) reservations in the United States is a largely ignored and underfunded public health crisis. With an estimated 40% of the headwaters in the western U.S. watershed, home to many AI reservation communities, being contaminated with untreated mine waste, the potential health effects have largely been unexplored. With AI populations already facing continued and progressive economic and social marginalization, higher pr...
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#1Geir BjørklundH-Index: 35
#2Yuliya SemenovaH-Index: 11
Last. Salvatore Chirumbolo (University of Verona)H-Index: 30
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Uranium (U) has no known essential biological functions. Furthermore, it is well known for its toxicity, radioactivity, and carcinogenic potency. Impacts on human health due to U exposure have been studied extensively by many researchers. Chronic exposure to low-level U isotopes (radionuclides) may be interlinked with cancer etiology and at high exposure levels, also kidney disease. Other important issues covered U and fertilizers, and also U in soils or human tissues as an easily measurable ind...
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#1Waqar Ali (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 10
#2Muhammad Wajahat Aslam (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
Last. Hua Zhang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
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The current study focuses on the understanding of contamination status, distribution, source apportionment and health perspectives of arsenic (As), uranium (U) and other co-occurring trace metals in the groundwater samples collected along the major rivers in Sindh and Punjab provinces, Pakistan. ICP-MS analysis revealed that the concentrations of As in the groundwater in Sindh and Punjab ranged from 0.2 to 81.1 µg/L (n = 38) and 1.1 to 501.1 µg/L (n = 110), respectively. Importantly, this study ...
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#1Johnnye Lewis (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 18
#2Joseph Hoover (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 11
Last. Debra A. MacKenzie (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 8
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Purpose of Review More than a century of hard rock mining has left a legacy of >160,000 abandoned mines in the Western USA that are home to the majority of Native American lands. This article describes how abrogation of treaty rights, ineffective policies, lack of infrastructure, and a lack of research in Native communities converge to create chronic exposure, ill-defined risks, and tribal health concerns.
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#1Zdeněk HonH-Index: 7
#3Leoš Navrátil (CTU: Czech Technical University in Prague)H-Index: 12
The article summarizes contemporary scientific knowledge of depleted uranium effects on human health due to its use in military conflicts. The discussion covers cases of minimal risk due to external irradiation resulting from the storage and handling of depleted uranium ammunition and, in contrast, important toxicological and radio-toxicological risks of late effects resulting from the inhalation and ingestion of dust particles produced by the burning of the core of the anti-tank ammunition.
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#1Sixty-sixthH-Index: 1
#2sessionH-Index: 1
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