Survival and mortality analysis in two nephrology centers: A prospective observational study.
Published on Aug 17, 2021in Clinical Nephrology0.991
· DOI :10.5414/CN110364
Background null The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) requiring dialysis therapy is increasing globally. Survival and mortality data of these patients in Germany are fragmentary since the nationwide registry was terminated in 2006. null Objective null The objective of this study was to analyze the survival, causes of death, and co-morbidities of dialysis patients in a German population cohort as well as to assess the factors influencing mortality in these patients. null Materials and methods null We included adult, prevalent chronic dialysis patients from the German population who underwent hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis at our centers between 2014 and 2018. We compared the characteristics of living and deceased patients and assessed survival. Patients with and without diabetes mellitus were also examined, and their co-morbidities were analyzed. null Results null Of the 425 patients included in our study (m/f: 235/190), 182 died within the observation period. Mean survival of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 217), peripheral artery disease (PAD) (n = 128), and cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) (n = 99) was significantly reduced compared to patients without the disease (CAD: 4.2 vs. 6.4 years; PAD: 4.3 vs. 6.5 years; CRS: 3.7 vs. 7.3 years, p null null Conclusion null Our results provide novel data regarding German CKD patients requiring dialysis and factors influencing mortality, which could serve as a useful reference for further studies.