FTO inhibits UPRmt-induced apoptosis by activating JAK2/STAT3 pathway and reducing m6A level in adipocytes.

Published on Jul 1, 2021in Apoptosis4.677
· DOI :10.1007/S10495-021-01683-Z
Zhentong Shen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University),
Ping Liu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Henan Agricultural University)
+ 4 AuthorsChao Sun22
Estimated H-index: 22
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
Sources
Abstract
As a nucleic acid demethylase, Fat and obesity associated gene (FTO) plays a vital role in modulating adipose metabolism. However, it is still unknown how FTO affects apoptosis in adipocytes. In this study, we found that overexpression of FTO inhibited the expression of pro-apoptosis factors Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bax and mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt) markers HSP60 and ClpP in vivo and in vitro. Particularly, overexpression of FTO inhibited mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in adipocytes. Further studies revealed that FTO suppressed UPRmt by reducing HSP60 mRNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification. Moreover, FTO inhibited the activation of Caspase-3 via JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in adipocytes. Further experiments showed that pro-apoptosis gene Bax was upregulated by UPRmt-activated PKR/eIF2α/ATF5 axis in adipocytes. In summary, this study confirms that FTO reduces adipocytes apoptosis by activiting JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and inhibiting UPRmt, revealing a novel mechanism of FTO on adipocytes apoptosis, which provides some new potential therapy for treating obesity and related metabolic syndromes.
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