Bile Reflux Gastropathy and Functional Dyspepsia.
Published on Jul 30, 2021in Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility3.008
· DOI :10.5056/JNM20102
Background/Aims The pathoetiology of functional dyspepsia remains unclear; one mechanism could be chemical gastropathy from chronic bile reflux. We aim to examine the association of bile reflux gastropathy with functional dyspepsia and identify predisposing factors. Methods In a retrospective study, patients with functional dyspepsia (Rome III) who completed symptom assessment, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and biopsies were categorized into 3 groups; bile gastropathy (BG), non-bile gastropathy (NBG), and no gastropathy (NG). Demographics, symptoms, endoscopy, and motility data were compared between groups. Multivariate analysis identified clinical factors associated with BG. Results Of 262 patients (77.5% female), 90 had BG, 121 had NBG, and 51 had NG. Baseline demographics were similar, however, patients with BG reported significantly more severe abdominal pain than NBG or NG groups (P = 0.018). Gastric erythema was significantly more common in BG vs NBG groups (P < 0.001). Cholecystectomy was significantly associated (OR, 6.6; P = 0.003) with the presence of gastropathy in BG compared to NBG or NG group. Patients with cholecystectomy had significantly more severe abdominal pain (P < 0.05), gastric erythema (P < 0.03), and gastritis (P < 0.05), and were more likely to be prescribed narcotic medications (P < 0.004) than patients without cholecystectomy. Conclusion s Bile reflux gastropathy is associated with functional dyspepsia and causes more severe symptoms. Cholecystectomy predisposes to BG and abnormal pain, and could contribute to the pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia.