Multilocular thymic cyst (MTC) and other tumors with MTC features: Pitfalls in diagnosis.

Published on Jun 11, 2021in Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology2.511
· DOI :10.1053/J.SEMDP.2021.06.004
Diana M. Oramas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center),
Cesar A. Moran76
Estimated H-index: 76
(University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)
ABSTRACT null null Cystic lesions of the anterior mediastinum represent a well-known group of benign lesions that are relatively common in the general practice, namely in the pediatric age group. In the adult population, multilocular thymic cyst (MTC) plays an important role in occurrence as it presents as a cystic anterior mediastinal mass that clinically may mimic another anterior mediastinal tumor. In general, MTC is of rather unusual occurrence and its histopathological features have been well described in the literature. However, similar histopathological features may also be associated with a gamut of other tumoral conditions that although unrelated may be encountered growing along the walls of these cystic structures. Herein a presentation of the classical MTC and the classical histopathological features of such entity in association with other tumoral conditions will be discussed. It is highly important to underscore that the final interpretation of some of these tumors is based on a thorough evaluation of the cystic lesion and a reasonable sampling for histological evaluation so that the proper interpretation can be reached. Needless to say, the radiological and clinical information of the patients with cystic anterior mediastinal lesions is very important in the final analysis of these cases.
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