Programmed Death Ligand 1 Immunohistochemistry in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Evaluation of Inter-Pathologist Concordance and Inter-Assay Variability.

Published on May 26, 2021in Journal of Breast Cancer2.241
· DOI :10.4048/JBC.2021.24.E29
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Abstract
Purpose null The programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) SP142 assay with a 1% immune cell (IC) cutoff is approved for the selection of advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients for atezolizumab treatment. We aimed to evaluate the interobserver concordance of PD-L1 scoring and inter-assay variability of various PD-L1 assays in TNBC. null Methods null Thirty patients with primary TNBC were selected, and SP142, SP263, 22C3, and E1L3N assays were performed. PD-L1 staining in ICs and tumor cells (TCs) was scored by 10 pathologists who were blinded to the assay. The interobserver concordance among pathologists and the inter-assay variability of the four PD-L1 assays were analyzed. For SP142, the intraobserver concordance among the six pathologists was analyzed after training. null Results null The adjusted means of PD-L1 IC scoring ranged from 6.2% to 12.9% for the four assays; the intraclass correlations showed moderate (0.584-0.649) reader concordance. The PD-L1 IC scoring with a 1% cutoff resulted in identical scoring in 40.0%-66.7% of cases and a poor to moderate agreement (Fleiss κ statistic [FKS] = 0.345-0.534) for the four assays. The SP142 assay had the widest range of positive rate (56.5%-100.0%), lowest number of cases with identical scoring, and lowest FKS at 1% cutoff. Pairwise comparison of adjusted means showed significantly decreased PD-L1 staining in SP142 compared with the other assays in both ICs and TCs. As for the intraobserver concordance in the SP142 assay, the overall percent agreement was 87.8% with a 1% IC cutoff. After training, the proportion of cases with identical scoring at a 1% IC cutoff increased to 70.0%; the FKS also increased to 0.610. null Conclusion null The concordance of PD-L1 IC scoring among pathologists was low, at the 1% cutoff for the SP142 assay without training. SP142 showed the lowest PD-L1 expression in both IC and TC.
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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the PD-L1 immunohistochemical assay, SP142, as a companion test to determine eligibility for atezolizumab therapy in patients with advanced triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) but data in lung cancer studies suggest the assay suffers from poor reproducibility. We sought to evaluate reproducibility and concordance in PD-L1 scoring across multiple pathologists. Full TNBC sections were stained with SP142 and SP263 assays and interpreted for percen...
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