Systems Analysis Approach to Polyethylene Terephthalate and Olefin Plastics Supply Chains in the Circular Economy: A Review of Data Sets and Models

Published on Jun 7, 2021in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering7.632
· DOI :10.1021/ACSSUSCHEMENG.0C08622
Utkarsh S. Chaudhari1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MTU: Michigan Technological University),
Yingqian Lin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(INL: Idaho National Laboratory)
+ 6 AuthorsDavid R. Shonnard33
Estimated H-index: 33
(MTU: Michigan Technological University)
Source
Abstract
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2020
1 Citations
2019
3 Authors (S. Chaplianko, ..., V. Nikichanov)
References122
Newest
#1Jinghan Di (Yale University)H-Index: 1
#2Barbara K. Reck (Yale University)H-Index: 24
Last. Thomas E. Graedel (Yale University)H-Index: 96
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Given increasing concerns for the marine environment and human health, as well as trade restrictions from Asian countries, plastics have become a great challenge for the United States. This study addresses the seven commonly used plastics: low-density polyethylene/linear low-density polyethylene, high-density polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, and other plastics. Material flows of the seven polymers were tracked from productio...
4 CitationsSource
#1Steve HarrisH-Index: 2
#2Michael Martin (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 13
Last. Derek Diener (Research Institutes of Sweden)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The Circular Economy (CE) concept is receiving increasing global attention and has captivated many disciplines, from sustainability through to business and economics. There is currently a strong drive by companies, academics and governments alike to implement the CE. Numerous “circularity indicators” have emerged that measure material flow or recirculated value of a system (e.g. product or nation). However, if its implementation is to improve environmental performance of society, the ac...
25 CitationsSource
#1Anna SchwarzH-Index: 5
#1A.E. SchwarzH-Index: 1
Last. T. van HarmelenH-Index: 3
view all 6 authors...
Abstract To ensure a circular economy for plastics, insights in the environmental impacts of recycling and optimal recycling choices for specific plastic polymers are crucial. This was obtained by determining the environmental performance of 10 selected recycling technologies with varying TRL levels, using the chemical properties of the top 25 produced polymers in Europe. The results were collected in a life cycle assessment (LCA) ‘matrix’ model. To simulate realistic plastic recycling challenge...
7 CitationsSource
#1Yuan Chen (BTBU: Beijing Technology and Business University)H-Index: 2
#2Abhishek Kumar Awasthi (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 22
Last. Jinhui Li (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 69
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Single-use plastics (SUPs), invented for the modern “throwaway society,” are intended to be used only once. They are being increasingly produced and used globally, most notably as packaging or consumables, such as SUP shopping bags or disposable tableware. We discuss how most SUPs are landfilled or incinerated, which causes pollution, consumes valuable land, and squanders limited natural resources. Only relatively small amounts are currently recycled, a hindrance to the concept of a cir...
24 CitationsSource
#1Theodore W. Walker (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 9
#2Nathan Frelka (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 1
Last. George W. Huber (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 85
view all 10 authors...
Many plastic packaging materials manufactured today are composites made of distinct polymer layers (i.e., multilayer films). Billions of pounds of these multilayer films are produced annually, but manufacturing inefficiencies result in large, corresponding postindustrial waste streams. Although relatively clean (as opposed to municipal wastes) and of near-constant composition, no commercially practiced technologies exist to fully deconstruct postindustrial multilayer film wastes into pure, recyc...
13 CitationsSource
#1Raoul Meys (RWTH Aachen University)H-Index: 6
#2Felicitas Frick (RWTH Aachen University)H-Index: 1
Last. André Bardow (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 40
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Plastic packaging waste faces increasingly stringent sustainability targets such as recycling rates of 55% imposed by the European Commission. To realize the vision of a circular economy, chemical recycling is advocated as a large-scale avenue to decrease fossil resource depletion and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In this work, we develop a theoretical model for chemical recycling technologies assuming ideal performance. The theoretical model allows us to compute the minimal environme...
33 CitationsSource
#1Geoffrey Lonca (École Polytechnique de Montréal)H-Index: 5
#2Pascal Lesage (École Polytechnique de Montréal)H-Index: 17
Last. Manuele Margni (École Polytechnique de Montréal)H-Index: 48
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The Circular Economy (CE) movement is inspiring new governmental policies along with company strategies. Thisled to the emergence of a plethora ofindicators to quantify the “circularity” of individual companies or products. Approaches behind theseindicators builds mainly on two implicit assumptions. The first is that closing material loops at product level leads to improvements in material efficiency for the economy as a whole. The second assumption is that maximizing material circulari...
13 CitationsSource
#1Muhammad Saad Qureshi (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)H-Index: 4
#2Anja Oasmaa (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)H-Index: 41
Last. Jutta Laine-YlijokiH-Index: 9
view all 9 authors...
Abstract With current low recycling rates and exponentially increasing production of plastics there is an increase in plastic material wastage, and thus new technologies are needed for waste refining. Presently in Europe, only about 10% of plastic waste is recycled, most of which is achieved through mechanical recycling. Chemical recycling methods like pyrolysis could significantly increase these recycling rates, as it can utilize mixtures of waste plastics unlike mechanical recycling. It can al...
59 CitationsSource
#1Raaj R. BoraH-Index: 3
#2Ralph WangH-Index: 1
Last. Fengqi YouH-Index: 66
view all 3 authors...
Chemical recycling has the potential to reduce the environmental impacts from waste plastics, mitigate climate change, and contribute to circular economy. This study compares the environmental and ...
11 CitationsSource
#1Xiaobin Jiang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
#2Tao Wang (Tongji University)H-Index: 17
Last. Bing Zhu (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 20
view all 11 authors...
Plastics have a broad range of use, but also bring about a variety of environmental implications. China is the world's largest producer and user of plastics, accounting for nearly one-third of the total global flow. Investigating plastic production and use in China is thus critical for developing solutions to promote material circularity and to minimize environmental impacts. We examined five categories of plastics—polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene (PS)...
10 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest