3D Printed Poly(ε-Caprolactone)/Meniscus Extracellular Matrix Composite Scaffold Functionalized With Kartogenin-Releasing PLGA Microspheres for Meniscus Tissue Engineering

Published on Apr 30, 2021in Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology3.644
· DOI :10.3389/FBIOE.2021.662381
Hao Li98
Estimated H-index: 98
(NKU: Nankai University),
Hao Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 10 AuthorsQuanyi Guo27
Estimated H-index: 27
Source
Abstract
Meniscus tissue engineering (MTE) aims to fabricate ideal scaffolds to stimulate the microenvironment for recreating the damaged meniscal tissue. Indeed, favorable mechanical properties, suitable biocompatibility, and inherent chondrogenic capability are crucial in MTE. In this study, we present a composite scaffold by 3D printing a poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold as backbone, followed by injection with the meniscus extracellular matrix (MECM), and modification with kartogenin (KGN)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) microsphere (μS), which serves as a drug delivery system. Therefore, we propose a plan to improve meniscus regeneration via KGN released from the 3D porous PCL/MECM scaffold. The final results showed that the hydrophilicity and bioactivity of the resulting PCL/MECM scaffold were remarkably enhanced. In vitro synovium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs) experiments suggested that introducing MECM components helped cell adhesion and proliferation and maintained promising ability to induce cell migration. Moreover, KGN-incorporating PLGA microspheres, which were loaded on scaffolds, showed a prolonged release profile and improved the chondrogenic differentiation of SMSCs during the 14-day culture. Particularly, the PCL/MECM-KGN μS seeded by SMSCs showed the highest secretion of total collagen and aggrecan. More importantly, the synergistic effect of the MECM and sustained release of KGN can endow the PCL/MECM-KGN μS scaffolds with not only excellent cell affinity and cell vitality preservation but also chondrogenic activity. Thus, the PCL/MECM-KGN μS scaffolds are expected to have good application prospects in the field of MTE.
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#2Xige Zhao (Tianjin Medical University)H-Index: 1
Last. Yanmei Zhao (TJU: Tianjin University)H-Index: 1
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Repair of articular cartilage defects is a challenging aspect of clinical treatment. Kartogenin (KGN), a small molecular compound, can induce the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into chondrocytes. Here, we constructed a scaffold based on chondrocyte extracellular matrix (CECM) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres (MP), which can slowly release KGN, thus enhancing its efficiency. Cell adhesion, live/dead staining, and CCK-8 results indicated ...
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#1Hao Li (NKU: Nankai University)H-Index: 1
#2Zhen Yang (NKU: Nankai University)H-Index: 3
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The meniscus plays a critical role in maintaining knee joint homeostasis. Injuries to the meniscus, especially considering the limited self-healing capacity of the avascular region, continue to be a challenge and are often treated by (partial) meniscectomy, which has been identified to cause osteoarthritis. Currently, meniscus tissue engineering focuses on providing extracellular matrix (ECM)-mimicking scaffolds to direct the inherent meniscal regeneration process, and it has been found that var...
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Meniscus deficiency, the most common and refractory disease in human knee joints, often progresses to osteoarthritis (OA) due to abnormal biomechanical distribution and articular cartilage abrasion. However, due to its anisotropic spatial architecture, complex biomechanical microenvironment, and limited vascularity, meniscus repair remains a challenge for clinicians and researchers worldwide. In this study, we developed a 3D printing-based biomimetic and composite tissue-engineered meniscus scaf...
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Regeneration of an injured meniscus continues to be a scientific challenge, due to its poor self-healing potential. Tissue engineering provides an avenue for regenerating a severely damaged meniscus. In this study, we first investigated the superiority of five concentrations (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% and 4%) of meniscus extracellular matrix (MECM)-based hydrogel in promoting cell proliferation and the matrix-forming phenotype of meniscal fibrochondrocytes (MFCs). We found that the 2% group strongly enha...
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