Effectiveness and Safety of Apixaban vs. Warfarin in Venous Thromboembolism Patients with Obesity and Morbid Obesity.

Published on Jan 8, 2021in Journal of Clinical Medicine3.303
· DOI :10.3390/JCM10020200
Alexander T. Cohen (Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust), Alexander T. Cohen59
Estimated H-index: 59
(Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust)
+ 6 AuthorsXuemei Luo22
Estimated H-index: 22
This study integrated 5 United States healthcare claims databases to evaluate the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) and major bleeding (MB) among VTE patients who initiated apixaban vs. warfarin, stratified by obesity. Obese and morbidly obese patients were identified based on diagnosis codes. Stabilized inverse probability treatment weighting (IPTW) was conducted to balance observed patient characteristics between treatment cohorts. An interaction analysis was conducted to evaluate treatment effects of apixaban vs. warfarin according to obesity status. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the risk of recurrent VTE and MB among IPTW weighted obese and morbidly obese patients. A total of 112,024 non-obese patients and 43,095 obese patients were identified, of whom 19,751 were morbidly obese. When stratified by obesity status post-IPTW, no significant interactions were observed for effects of apixaban vs. warfarin on recurrent VTE or MB (interaction p > 0.10). Among IPTW obese and morbidly obese patients, apixaban was associated with a significantly lower risk of recurrent VTE (obese: 0.73 [0.64–0.84]; morbidly obese: 0.65 [0.53–0.80]) and MB (obese: 0.73 [0.62–0.85]; morbidly obese: 0.68 [0.54–0.86]) as compared with warfarin. In this large sample of obese and morbidly obese VTE patients, apixaban had a significantly lower risk of recurrent VTE and MB vs. warfarin.
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