Advances in deep eutectic solvents and water: applications in metal- and biocatalyzed processes, in the synthesis of APIs, and other biologically active compounds

Published on Apr 1, 2021in Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry3.412
· DOI :10.1039/D0OB02491K
Luciana Cicco7
Estimated H-index: 7
Giuseppe Dilauro7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 2 AuthorsVito Capriati32
Estimated H-index: 32
Owing to a growing awareness towards environmental impact, the search for “greener”, safer, and cost-effective solvents able to replace petroleum-derived solvents has never been greater today. In this context, the use of environmentally responsible solvents like water and the so-called Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs), constructed from bio-based compounds, has recently experienced important growth in several fields of sciences. This short review highlights the key features of the chemistry of water and (hydrated) DESs when applied to metal- and biocatalyzed transformations as well as to the synthesis of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) and other biologically relevant compounds by providing, through discussion of all relevant literature over the past five years, a comparison of the outcomes of the reactions when carried out in one or the other solvent.
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