Unveiling the ups and downs of miR-205 in physiology and cancer: transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms.

Published on Nov 15, 2020in Cell Death and Disease6.304
· DOI :10.1038/S41419-020-03192-4
Elena Ferrari2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Elena Ferrari53
Estimated H-index: 53
,
Paolo Gandellini25
Estimated H-index: 25
Sources
Abstract
miR-205 plays important roles in the physiology of epithelia by regulating a variety of pathways that govern differentiation and morphogenesis. Its aberrant expression is frequently found in human cancers, where it was reported to act either as tumor-suppressor or oncogene depending on the specific tumor context and target genes. miR-205 expression and function in different cell types or processes are the result of the complex balance among transcription, processing and stability of the microRNA. In this review, we summarize the principal mechanisms that regulate miR-205 expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level, with particular focus on the transcriptional relationship with its host gene. Elucidating the mechanisms and factors regulating miR-205 expression in different biological contexts represents a fundamental step for a better understanding of the contribution of such pivotal microRNA to epithelial cell function in physiology and disease, and for the development of modulation strategies for future application in cancer therapy.
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Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with many types of cancers, but their molecular mechanisms in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) have not been fully studied. Therefore, the current study investigated the regulation role of microRNA-205 host gene (MIR205HG) in LUSC and recognized the target genes managed by this lncRNA. MIR205HG expression was assessed by the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. The effects of silenced MIR205HG on cell biologica...
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As a subtype of non-small-cell lung cancer, lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) accounts for one-fifth of all lung cancers. Unfortunately, no specific targetable aberration has yet been identified. Hence, it is of huge urgency and potential to identify aberrantly regulated genes in LUSC. Here, five pairs of LUSC samples and their corresponding adjacent tissues were subject to whole transcriptome sequencing. Our results showed that CTD-2562J17.6 and FENDRR were significantly downregulated while M...
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Abstract Abnormal expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been demonstrated to be a vital regulatory factor in a large number of malignancies. The investigation in cervical cancer and the associated modulation mechanisms are yet to be probed. The aim of this study is to specifically investigate the expression pattern and modulatory mechanism of MIR205HG in cervical cancer. Our paper firstly revealed the up-regulation of KRT17 in cervical cancer. Function assays further displayed that KR...
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Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with cervical cancer (CC), but molecular mechanisms behind the specific correlation with cervical carcinogenesis have not been fully understood. In this study, the expression level of lncRNA MIR205HG in CC cells was determined by qRT-PCR. In vitro functional assays (CCK-8 assay, EdU incorporation assay, apoptotic assays, Transwell assay, wound-healing assay) were performed to investigate the biological effects of MIR205HG ectopic expres...
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Summary MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are processed from primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs), many of which are annotated as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). We assessed whether MIR205HG, the host gene for miR-205, has independent functions as an lncRNA. Comparing mice with targeted deletions of MIR205HG and miR-205 revealed a functional role for the lncRNA in the anterior pituitary. Mice lacking MIR205HG had a temporal reduction in Pit1, growth hormone, and prolactin. This was mediated, in part, through ...
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Though miR-205 function has been largely characterized, the nature of its host gene, MIR205HG, is still completely unknown. Here, we show that only lowly expressed alternatively spliced MIR205HG transcripts act as de facto pri-miRNAs, through a process that involves Drosha to prevent unfavorable splicing and directly mediate miR-205 excision. Notably, MIR205HG-specific processed transcripts revealed to be functional per se as nuclear long noncoding RNA capable of regulating differentiation of hu...
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