Unveiling the ups and downs of miR-205 in physiology and cancer: transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms.

Published on Nov 15, 2020in Cell Death and Disease6.304
· DOI :10.1038/S41419-020-03192-4
Elena Ferrari2
Estimated H-index: 2
Elena Ferrari53
Estimated H-index: 53
Paolo Gandellini25
Estimated H-index: 25
miR-205 plays important roles in the physiology of epithelia by regulating a variety of pathways that govern differentiation and morphogenesis. Its aberrant expression is frequently found in human cancers, where it was reported to act either as tumor-suppressor or oncogene depending on the specific tumor context and target genes. miR-205 expression and function in different cell types or processes are the result of the complex balance among transcription, processing and stability of the microRNA. In this review, we summarize the principal mechanisms that regulate miR-205 expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level, with particular focus on the transcriptional relationship with its host gene. Elucidating the mechanisms and factors regulating miR-205 expression in different biological contexts represents a fundamental step for a better understanding of the contribution of such pivotal microRNA to epithelial cell function in physiology and disease, and for the development of modulation strategies for future application in cancer therapy.
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