Immobilization of PR4A3 enzyme in pluronic F127 polymeric micelles against colorectal adenocarcinoma cells and increase of in vitro bioavailability.

Published on Jan 1, 2021in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules5.162
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2020.11.006
Natielle Cachoeira Dotivo2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz),
Rachel Passos Rezende16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)
+ 8 AuthorsJoão Carlos Teixeira Dias14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)
Traditional therapy for malignant neoplasms involving surgical procedures, radiotherapy and chemotherapy aims to kill neoplastic cells, but also affects normal cells. Therefore, exogenous proteases are the target of studies in cancer therapy, as they have been shown to be effective in suppressing tumors and reducing metastases. Pluronic F127 (F127) is a copolymer of amphiphilic blocks that has shown significant potential for drug administration, as it is capable of incorporating hydrophobic drugs and self-assembling in micrometers of nanometric size. This study investigated the effects of immobilization of the alkaline protease PR4A3 with pluronic F127 micelles on the enzyme-induced cytotoxicity. Protease immobilization was demonstrated through UV-visible and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies, as the enzyme interacts with the polymeric micelle of Pluronic F127 without changing its secondary structure. In addition, the immobilized form of the enzyme showed greater bioavailability after passing through the simulated gastrointestinal transit. Cell viability was assessed using the tetrazoic methylthiazole (MTT) assay. The results open perspectives for new research and development for PR4A3 in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma.
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